Resistance to post-Civil War reconstruction efforts, hotly contested elections, political corruption, and open racism all led to a climate of unrest and white supremacist violence in late 19th-century Wilmington, North Carolina.
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- Cecelski, David S. and Timothy B. Tyson, eds. “Democracy Betrayed: The Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 and Its Legacy.” The University of North Carolina Press. 1998.
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- Everett, Chris, director. “Wilmington on Fire.” Speller Street Films. 2015. Via Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/ondemand/wilmingtononfire
- Faulkner, Ronnie W. “Fusion Politics.” North Carolina History Project. http://northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/fusion-politics/
- Ritchie, Donald A. “The First Woman Senator.” Oxford University Press. 10/3/2013. https://blog.oup.com/2013/10/first-woman-senator-rebecca-latimer-felton/
- LearnNC. “1898 and White Supremacy.” UNC School of Education. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-newsouth/8.0
- National Sexual Violence Resource Center. “False Reporting.” 2012. https://www.nsvrc.org/sites/default/files/Publications_NSVRC_Overview_False-Reporting.pdf
- Umfleet, LeRae, et al. “1898 Wilmington Race Riot Report.” 1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission. 5/31/2006. Via North Carolina Office of Archives & History. http://www.history.ncdcr.gov/1898-wrrc/report/report.htm
- “Politics of a Massacre: Discovering Wilmington 1898.” http://core.ecu.edu/umc/wilmington/
- General Assembly of North Carolina. “House Bill 751.” https://www.ncleg.net/gascripts/BillLookUp/BillLookUp.pl?Session=2007&BillID=H751&votesToView=2
- General Assembly of North Carolina. “Senate Joint Resolution 1572 / Res. 2007-67.” https://www.ncleg.net/gascripts/BillLookUp/BillLookUp.pl?BillID=S1572&Session=2007
- Strupp, Joe. “Why North Carolina Papers Apologized for Role In 1898 Race Riots.” Editor & Publisher. 11/20/2006. https://www.editorandpublisher.com/news/why-north-carolina-papers-apologized-for-role-in-1898-race-riots/