In 1898, a mob of armed white men enacted a violent plan against Wilmington, North Carolina’s black community. It was the only known successful coup d’état in U.S. history; the white mob overthrew the duly elected government of Wilmington.
- LaFrance, Adrienne and Vann R. Newkirk II. “The Lost History of an American Coup D’État.” 8/12/2017. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/08/wilmington-massacre/536457/
- Cecelski, David S. and Timothy B. Tyson, eds. “Democracy Betrayed: The Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 and Its Legacy.” The University of North Carolina Press. 1998.
- The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. “Wilmington Riot (1898).” https://www.thirteen.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_riot.html
- The Takeaway. “The Only Successful Coup d'Etat in American History.” WNYC. 11/11/2016. http://www.wnyc.org/story/only-successful-coup-detat-american-history/
- Shelton, Charlie and Frank Stasio. “Wilmington On Fire.” WUNC 91.5. 12/1/2015. http://wunc.org/post/wilmington-fire#stream/0
- Everett, Chris, director. “Wilmington on Fire.” Speller Street Films. 2015. Via Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/ondemand/wilmingtononfire
- Faulkner, Ronnie W. “Fusion Politics.” North Carolina History Project. http://northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/fusion-politics/
- Ritchie, Donald A. “The First Woman Senator.” Oxford University Press. 10/3/2013. https://blog.oup.com/2013/10/first-woman-senator-rebecca-latimer-felton/
- LearnNC. “1898 and White Supremacy.” UNC School of Education. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-newsouth/8.0
- National Sexual Violence Resource Center. “False Reporting.” 2012. https://www.nsvrc.org/sites/default/files/Publications_NSVRC_Overview_False-Reporting.pdf
- Umfleet, LeRae, et al. “1898 Wilmington Race Riot Report.” 1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission. 5/31/2006. Via North Carolina Office of Archives & History. http://www.history.ncdcr.gov/1898-wrrc/report/report.htm
- “Politics of a Massacre: Discovering Wilmington 1898.” http://core.ecu.edu/umc/wilmington/ General Assembly of North Carolina. “House Bill 751.” https://www.ncleg.net/gascripts/BillLookUp/BillLookUp.pl?Session=2007&BillID=H751&votesToView=2
- General Assembly of North Carolina. “Senate Joint Resolution 1572 / Res. 2007-67.” https://www.ncleg.net/gascripts/BillLookUp/BillLookUp.pl?BillID=S1572&Session=2007
- Strupp, Joe. “Why North Carolina Papers Apologized for Role In 1898 Race Riots.” Editor & Publisher. 11/20/2006. https://www.editorandpublisher.com/news/why-north-carolina-papers-apologized-for-role-in-1898-race-riots/