Unearthed! in July, 2018, Part 1


The Two Brothers, mummies of two elite men: Khnum-nakht and Nakht-ankh. Manchester Museum, The University of Manchester

The July edition of Unearthed! is a two-parter this year. We’re breaking with tradition and starting with a few things that happened at the very end of 2017 but missed the cutoff for our 2017 episodes. We’ve also got some finds that institutions unearthed in their own collections, along with books and letters, beads, and some other things.

Tracy's Research:

  • Gannon, Megan. “Blackbeard's Book Club? Document Discovery May Reveal Pirate Reading List.” LiveScience. 2/5/2018. https://www.livescience.com/61351-blackbeard-pirate-book-fragments.html
  • Ghosh, Pallab. “Scan technique reveals secret writing in mummy cases.” BBC News. 12/31/2017. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-42357259
  • Nield, David. “Archaeologists Uncover an Ancient Model of The Universe in Mexico.” ScienceAlert. 2/5/2018. https://www.sciencealert.com/archaeologists-uncover-ancient-mexican-universe-model
  • Geggel, Laura. “Wreck of Dutch Warship Found Buried Beneath Coral.” LiveScience. 1/9/2018. https://www.livescience.com/61378-shipwrecks-yucatan.html
  • Siwach, Sukhbir. “Bead workshop found at Haryana’s Harappan site.” Archaeology News Network. 1/2/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/01/bead-workshop-found-at-haryanas.html#Twwwbx1TKUbV4mCA.99.”
  • McMaster University. “DNA analysis of ancient mummy, thought to have smallpox, points to hepatitis B instead.” EurekAlert! 1/4/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-01/mu-dao010318.php
  • Walters, Greg. “These Countries Have the Most Unique Music in the World.” Seeker. 12/29/2017. https://www.seeker.com/culture/these-countries-have-the-most-unique-music-in-the-world
  • The Archaeology News Network. “Historic ‘Lost’ Monastery Uncovered In Aberdeen shire.” 1/7/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/01/historic-lost-monastery-uncovered-in.html#UotvsLqEBKOe5MPI.97
  • Gannon, Megan. “Kitchen of Thomas Jefferson's Enslaved Chef Is Uncovered.” 1/10/2018. https://www.livescience.com/61388-thomas-jefferson-james-hemings-kitchen.html
  • Egypt Independent. “Fragment of black granite statue of Amenhotep III discovered in Sohag,” Archaeology News Network. 1/8/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/01/fragment-of-black-granite-statue-of.html#EmDyvley8rrQsGSE.99
  • Daley, Jason. “Researchers Are Trying to Figure Out How to Play This Ancient Roman Board Game.” Smithsonian.com. 1/10/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/we-still-dont-really-know-how-play-ancient-roman-board-game-180967778/
  • Read more: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/we-still-dont-really-know-how-play-ancient-roman-board-game-180967778/#9weJsySh1l1D3S8k.99
  • Xinhua. “Chinese archeologists restore 2,500-year-old ‘dragon bed’.” 1/9/2018. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-01/09/c_136880700.htm
  • Giraldo, Marion. “Moche ceremonial banquet hall unearthed in Peru.” Reuters via Archaeology News Network. 1/9/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/01/moche-ceremonial-banquet-hall-unearthed.html
  • Pickstock, Heather. “Roman burial site with 300 graves discovered on land earmarked for homes near Bristol.” Bristol Post via Archaeology News Network. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/01/roman-burial-site-with-300-graves.html#dpRZ85H2ozwAloDq.99
  • Boissoneault, Lorraine. “How Proteins Helped Scientists Read Between the Lines of a 1630 Plague Death Registry.” Smithsonian.com. 1/12/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-proteins-helped-scientists-read-between-lines-1630-plague-death-registry-180967811/
  • Rudyk, Mike. “Lucky find gives archeologists glimpse into early hunting technology in Yukon.” CBC. 1/13/2018. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/archaeologist-ice-patches-copper-arrowhead-yukon-first-nations-1.4485895
  • Raines, Ben. “Wreck found in Delta not the Clotilda, the last American slave ship.” AL.com. 3/6/2018. https://www.al.com/news/mobile/index.ssf/2018/03/wreck_found_in_delta_not_the_c.html
  • Raines, Ben. “Wreck found by reporter may be last American slave ship, archaeologists say.” AL.com. 1/25/2018. https://www.al.com/news/mobile/index.ssf/2018/01/alcom_reporter_may_have_found.html
  • “The Two Brothers are in fact brothers.” The History Blog. http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/50246
  • Guarino, Ben. “4,000-year-old Egyptian mummies were thought to be brothers. Genetics tells a different story.” Washington Post. 1/19/2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2018/01/19/4000-year-old-egyptian-mummies-were-thought-to-be-brothers-genetics-tells-a-different-story/?utm_term=.bf1fb14b37d9
  • Gabbatiss, Josh. “Glass was made in Africa centuries before arrival of Europeans, says new evidence.” Independent. 1/19/2018. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/glass-africa-made-before-european-arrival-colonialisation-advanced-technology-a8168601.html.
  • Giedroyc, Richard. “Chinese coin hoard weighs tons.” Numismatic News. 1/10/2018. http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/chinese-coin-hoard-weighs-tons
  • Lafferty, Susan DeMar. “Rare Lincoln funeral flower discovered at Will County Historical Museum, officials say.” Chicago Tribune. 1/6/2018. http://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/daily-southtown/news/ct-sta-lincoln-artifact-discovered-st-0106-20180105-story.html#
  • Yount, Benjamin. “Local historian finds rare artifact linked to Abraham Lincoln.” Illinois News Network. 1/17/2018. https://www.ilnews.org/news/statewide/local-historian-finds-rare-artifact-linked-to-abraham-lincoln/article_66828634-fbdb-11e7-aca6-c36eebc44d08.html
  • Norsk institutt for kulturminneforskning. “Rare Arabic-inspired chess piece found in Tønsberg, Norway.” https://niku.no/en/2018/01/sjelden-arabiskinspirert-sjakkbrikke-funnet-tonsberg/
  • BBC News. “Archaeologists find 10,000-year-old crayon in Scarborough.” 1/26/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-york-north-yorkshire-42831463
  • Pascoe, Jennifer. “Using AI to uncover ancient mysteries.” University of Alberta. 1/25/2018. https://www.ualberta.ca/science/science-news/2018/january/ai-used-to-decipher-ancient-manuscript
  • UC Davis. “It's not how you play the game, but how the dice were made.” EurekAlert. 1/30/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-01/uoc--inh013018.php
  • CNRS. “Life-sized sculptures of dromedaries found in Saudi Arabia.” Via Archaeology News Network. 2/13/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/02/life-sized-sculptures-of-dromedaries.html#80xGAo8lB7qJWvtz.99.”
  • Leiden University. “Emotional bond between humans and dogs dates back 14,000 years.” Via Archaeology News Network. 2/8/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/02/emotional-bond-between-humans-and-dogs.html#DjTAUBKJ7Wqh2xOd.97
  • Miller, Andrea. “College claims discovery of George Washington's hair, but fears DNA testing could destroy historic find.” ABC News. 1/19/2018. https://abcnews.go.com/US/college-claims-discovery-george-washingtons-hair-fears-dna/story?id=53198413
  • Saey, Tina Hesman. “Study debunks fishy tale of how rabbits were first tamed.” Science News. 2/14/2018. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/study-debunks-fishy-tale-how-rabbits-were-first-tamed
  • Dockrill, Peter. “Scientists Think They've Finally Discovered The Bones of The Richest Pirate in History.” ScienceAlert. 2/23/2018. https://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-think-found-remains-world-s-richest-pirate-samuel-black-sam-bellamy-whydah
  • Holloway, Susan. “Those Now-Famous Strands of George Washington's Hair: The Backstory.” Two Nerdy History Girls. 2/18/2018. http://twonerdyhistorygirls.blogspot.com/2018/02/those-now-famous-strands-of-washingtons.html
  • Dutch News. “13,500-year-old carved bison bone fished from the bottom of the North Sea.” Via Archaeology News Network. 2/14/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/02/13500-year-old-carved-bison-bone-fished.html#bqRVIc6ztgYZL1L2.99.
  • Kirk, Tom. “Study identifies traces of indigenous 'Taíno' in present-day Caribbean populations.” 2/19/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-02/sjcu-sit021518.php
  • ABC News. “Ancient Roman boxing gloves found during dig at Hadrian's Wall.” Via Archaeology News Network. 2/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/02/ancient-roman-boxing-gloves-found.html#KFRCuZ80ikQvZqhl.99
  • Agence France-Presse. “USS Lexington: aircraft carrier scuttled in 1942 is finally found.” 3/5/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/06/uss-lexington-aircraft-carrier-scuttled-in-1942-is-finally-found?CMP=edit_2221
  • University of Tennessee at Knoxville. “New forensic analysis indicates bones were Amelia Earhart's, researcher suggests.” 3/7/2018. PhysOrg. https://phys.org/news/2018-03-forensic-analysis-bones-amelia-earhart.html
  • Solliday, Amanda. “Hidden Medical Text Read for the First Time in a Thousand Years.” 3/22/2018. https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/news/2018-03-22-hidden-medical-text-read-first-time-thousand-years.aspx
  • Gibson, Anne. “Scientists discover genomic ancestry of Stone Age North Africans from Morocco.” EurekAlert. 3/15/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-03/mpif-sdg031318.php
  • WTOL Staff. “100-year-old shipwreck found in Lake Erie.” 3/16/2018. http://www.wtol.com/story/37740646/100-year-old-shipwreck-found-in-lake-erie
  • PR Newswire: “Paul G. Allen-Led Expedition Reveals First Underwater Footage of the USS Ward - the Destroyer that Fired First American Shots in World War II on Dec. 7, 1941 - Just Before the Attack on Pearl Harbor.” 12/4/2017. https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/paul-g-allen-led-expedition-reveals-first-underwater-footage-of-the-uss-ward--the-destroyer-that-fired-first-american-shots-in-world-war-ii-on-dec-7-1941--just-before-the-attack-on-pearl-harbor-300566470.html
  • Fortin, Jacey. “Wreck of the Juneau Is Found, 76 Years After 5 Brothers Perished.” New York Times. 3/22/2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/22/world/asia/uss-juneau-sullivan-brothers.html?smid=tw-nytimes&smtyp=cur
  • Hauser, Christine. “The First Photos of a Pearl Harbor Warship’s Watery Grave.” New York Times. 12/8/2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/08/world/asia/uss-ward-pearl-harbor.html
  • Werner, Dave. “USS Helena Discovered: A Story of Valor and Perseverance.” 4/11/2018. https://www.paulallen.com/uss-helena/
  • Maddern, Kerra. “Parts of the Amazon thought uninhabited were actually home to up to a million people.” EurekAlert. 3/27/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-03/uoe-pot032518.php
  • Holman, Julia. “2,500-year-old mummy found in what was thought to be an empty Egyptian coffin at Sydney University.” ABC.au. 3/26/2018. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-03-26/mummy-found-in-what-was-thought-to-be-an-empty-coffin/9589110
  • University of Helsinki. “Skilled Female Potters Travelled Around The Baltic Nearly 5000 Years Ago.” Via Archaeology News Network. 3/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/03/skilled-female-potters-travelled-around.html#1boeHXyXQMfYBlZz.99.”
  • Pickwick, Janis. “Mysterious Head of a Pharaoh Discovered by Swansea Egyptologist.” University of Swansea. http://www.swansea.ac.uk/press-office/news-archive/2018/mysteriousheadofapharaohdiscoveredbyswanseaegyptologist.php
  • Xinhua. “2,000-year-old liquor unearthed from ancient tomb in western China.” Via The Archaeology News Network. 3/21/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/03/2000-year-old-liquor-unearthed-from.html#sTg5LXHwYf5KIeX4.99.”
  • Fowler, Shane. “Mapping the Wabanaki canoe routes of yesteryear.” CBC News. 4/2/2018. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/wabanaki-canoe-routes-mapping-1.4601748
  • The Local. “Ancient onion reveals Roman links with 'Sweden's Pompeii'.” 4/11/2018. https://www.thelocal.se/20180411/ancient-onion-reveals-roman-links-with-swedens-pompeii
  • Micolucci, Vic. “Shipwreck in Ponte Vedra may be from 18th century.” News 4 Jacksonville. 3/28/2018. https://www.news4jax.com/news/florida/st-johns-county/part-of-ships-hull-washes-ashore-in-ponte-vedra
  • Kennedy, Maev. “Samuel Taylor Coleridge's remains rediscovered in wine cellar.” The Guardian. 4/12/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/apr/12/samuel-taylor-coleridge-poet-remains-rediscovered-wine-cellar
  • Jarus, Owen. “That's Cheating! Medieval Dice with No 1 or 2 Found on Street in Norway.” LiveScience. 4/11/2018. https://www.livescience.com/62273-cheating-medieval-dice-norway.html
  • Barnes, Tom. “Flight MH370 search solves 140-year-old mystery of vanishing ships.” The Independent. 5/3/2018. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/australasia/mh370-flight-search-latest-missing-ships-found-malaysia-airlines-investigation-indian-ocean-a8334916.html
  • NPR. “Zora Neale Hurston's 'Barracoon' Gets Published, More Than 60 Years Later.” 5/5/2018. https://www.npr.org/2018/05/05/608723606/zora-neale-hurstons-barracoon-gets-published-more-than-60-years-later
  • The Asahi Shimbun. “Nara peach pits carbon dated to reign of ancient queen Himiko.” 5/14/2018. http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201805140056.html
  • Siegal, Nina. “Researchers Uncover Two Hidden Pages in Anne Frank’s Diary.” New York Times. 5/15/2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/15/books/anne-frank-diary-new-pages.html
  • Neuman, Scott. “French Researchers: Hitler Really Did Die In The Bunker In 1945.” NPR. 5/21/2018. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/21/612932451/french-researchers-hitler-really-did-die-in-the-bunker-in-1945
  • Prostak, Sergio. “Ancient Pottery Tests Reveal Italy’s Oldest Olive Oil.” Sci News. 5/31/2018. http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/italys-oldest-olive-oil-06054.html
  • Gegel, Laura. “Ötzi the Iceman Was a Heart Attack Waiting to Happen.” LiveScience. 5/30/2018. https://www.livescience.com/62689-otzi-iceman-mummy-heart-disease.html
  • Wade, Lizzie. “South America’s Inca civilization was better at skull surgery than Civil War doctors.” Science Magazine. 6/8/2018. http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/south-america-s-inca-civilization-was-better-skull-surgery-civil-war-doctors
  • wilson, Elleda. “In One Ear: Monumental map.” The Daily Astorian. 4/27/2018. http://www.dailyastorian.com/ear/20180427/in-one-ear-monumental-map
  • Lewis & Clark Heritage Trail Foundation. “The discovery of a map made by a Native American is reshaping thinking about the Lewis & Clark expedition.” History News Network. 4/25/2018. https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/168865
  • Micu, Alexandru. “Earliest evidence of beer brewing in Scandinavia hails from the Iron Age.” ZME Science. 6/21/2018. https://www.zmescience.com/science/sweden-iron-age-beer-81342353/
  • Connolly, Bess Martel. “Hobby Lobby's illegal antiquities shed light on a lost, looted ancient city in Iraq. Yale University via Archaeology News Network. 6/29/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/hobby-lobbys-illegal-antiquities-shed.html#6zbD1o2hyS7OV9xD.99.
  • Deutchse Welle. “Germany returns tattooed Maori skull to New Zealand.” Via Archaeology News Network. 6/27/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/germany-returns-tattooed-maori-skull-to.html#BSpw340pVMFCL5DM.99.”
  • University of Glasgow. “Research Identifies Barley Beer In Bronze Age Mesopotamian Drinking Vessels.” Archaeology News Network. 6/27/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/research-identifies-barley-beer-in.html#zzs0rJccHKoder44.97
  • Richards, Heather> “Remains of Northern Arapaho boy will be returned to Wyoming after a century in boarding school graveyard.” Casper Star Tribune. 6/11/2018. https://trib.com/news/state-and-regional/remains-of-northern-arapaho-boy-will-be-returned-to-wyoming/article_5733cb42-2aaf-5337-942f-530db2127f1f.html
  • Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians. “Chumash Return Ancient Remains to the Channel Islands.” PR Newswire. 6/13/2018. https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/chumash-return-ancient-remains-to-the-channel-islands-300665916.html
  • Telegraph Reporters. “Murderer who inspired Tess of the D'Urbervilles to be exhumed after Julian Fellowes campaigns.” The Telegraph. 3/3/2018. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/03/30/murderer-inspired-tess-durbervilles-exhumed-julian-fellowes/

Topics in this Podcast: Unearthed!, pirates, Voynich Manuscript, Caribbean history, plague, archaeology