Unearthed! in 2018! Part 2


Pottery from Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, developed in tandem with fish processing. Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties via EurekAlert

Wrapping up coverage of things found, discovered and dug up in 2018, this second in our two-part Unearthed! episode includes a little potpourri, edibles and potables, shipwrecks, exhumations and repatriations.

Tracy's Research:

  • Waugh, Rob. “Ancient black granite sarcophagus unearthed in Egypt next to huge stone head.” Yahoo! News. 7/3/2018. https://uk.news.yahoo.com/ancient-black-granite-sarcophagus-unearthed-egypt-next-huge-stone-head-121837730.html?guccounter=1
  • Jarus, Owen. “That Massive Black Sarcophagus Was Opened. Here's What's Inside.” LiveScience. 7/19/2018. https://www.livescience.com/63110-mysterious-black-sarcophagus-opened.html
  • BBC. “Egypt sarcophagus: Mystery black tomb opened in Alexandria.” 7/20/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-44893804
  • El-Aref, Nevine. “Osiris statuette discovered between blocks of Saqqara step pyramid.” Ahram Online. 7/1/2018. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/305974/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Osiris-statuette-discovered-between-blocks-of-Saqq.aspx
  • Vindolanda Trust. “Bronze hand attributed to Roman God Jupiter Dolichenus unearthed at Vindolanda.” Archaeology News Network. 6/28/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/bronze-hand-attributed-to-roman-god.html#KlVg0xCvjJ8bfrTQ.99.”
  • Vindolanda Charitable Trust Blog http://www.vindolanda.com/_blog/thevindolandablog
  • France 3 Lorrain. “14th century wheeled watermill discovered in northeastern France.” Via Archaeology News Network. 6/26/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/14th-century-wheeled-watermill.html#PKJFc8JEO7lm0Q02.99
  • Hassett, Brenna and Haluk Sağlamtimur. “Radical ‘royals’? Burial practices at Başur Höyük and the emergence of early states in Mesopotamia.” Antiquity. Vol. 92, issue 363, June 2018. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/antiquity/article/radical-royals-burial-practices-at-basur-hoyuk-and-the-emergence-of-early-states-in-mesopotamia/23E69D907B072E3789DC5B4F72108AC6
  • Jarus, Owen. “Human Sacrifices Surround Ancient Mesopotamian Tomb.” LiveScience. 6/29/2018. https://www.livescience.com/62954-human-sacrifices-mesopotamia.html
  • Rahhal, Natalie. “Civil War 'bone pit' found at Manassas.” Archaeology News Network. 6/23/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/civil-war-bone-pit-found-at-manassas.html#CfbHIVEiosD7ir1w.99.
  • Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “2,000-year-old pottery vessels salvaged intact from cave in northern Israel.” Via Archaeology News Network. 7/3/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/2000-year-old-pottery-vessels-salvaged.html#yb2YTPrSvKK5F4y3.99.”
  • Mexico News Daily. “2,700-year-old graves discovered in southern Mexico City.” Via Archaeology News Network. 6/30/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/2700-years-old-graves-discovered-in.html#9KV00uAsxR1gRjbH.99
  • Hucal, Sarah. “Dismembered bodies of women and children found at German 'Stonehenge’.” Via Archaeology News Network. 7/2/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/dismembered-bodies-of-women-and.html#oFRv5s2svZouzIAv.99
  • Tynan, Jo. “Ancient DNA testing solves 100-year-old controversy in Southeast Asian prehistory.” EurekAlert. 7/6/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoc-adt070618.php
  • Devlin, Hannah. “'Irish giant' may finally get respectful burial after 200 years on display.” The Guardian. 6/22/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/22/irish-giant-may-finally-get-respectful-burial-after-200-years-on-display
  • Meier, Allison. “Will an 18th-Century Giant Finally Get a Burial at Sea?” JSTOR Daily. 6/6/2018. https://daily.jstor.org/will-an-18th-century-giant-finally-get-a-burial-at-sea/
  • Yates, Diana. “First dogs in the Americas arrived from Siberia, disappeared after European contact.” EurekAlert. 7/5/2018 https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoia-fdi07A0218.php
  • AFP. “Roman-era clay tablet with verses from Homer's Odyssey unearthed in Ancient Olympia.” Archaeology News Network. 7/10/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/roman-era-clay-tablet-with-verses-from.html#qEXETKApXPSYwFIg.99
  • Sandes, Duncan. “Discovery of ancient tools in China suggests humans left Africa earlier than previously thought.” EurekAlert. 7/11/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoe-doa071018.php
  • Mader, Petra. “Our fractured African roots.” EurekAlert. 7/11/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/mpif-ofa070518.php
  • Reeves, Jay. “Feds reopen investigation into '55 slaying of Emmett Till — black kid from Chicago whose brutal killing shocked the world.” Chicago Tribune. 7/12/2018. https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-met-emmett-till-slaying-investigation-20180712-story.html
  • Best, Barra. “Dry weather reveals ancient site in Meath's Boyne Valley.” BBC. 7/12/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44801939
  • Hope, Alan. “Massive exhumation of WWI soldiers as Canadians mark war dead.” Brussels Times. 7/14/2018. http://www.brusselstimes.com/rss-feed/11953/massive-exhumation-of-wwi-soldiers-as-canadians-mark-war-dead
  • Maertens, Christophe. “First results excavation Höhe 80 proposed.” HLN. 12/11/2018. (Translated.) https://www.hln.be/regio/heuvelland/eerste-resultaten-opgraving-hohe-80-voorgesteld~a86c2757/?referer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F
  • Keely, Alistair. “The origins of pottery linked with intensified fishing in the post-glacial period.” EurekAlert. 7/16/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoy-too071218.php
  • Otaegui, Dr. Amaia Arranz. “Archaeologists discover bread that predates agriculture by 4,000 years.” EurekAlert. 7/16/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoc--adb071118.php
  • Mickein, Iris. “Mystery of the Basel papyrus solved.” EurekAlert. 7/12/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uob-mot071218.php
  • Zaki, Menna. “Archaeologists in Egypt discover mummification workshop.” PhysOrg. 7/15/2018. https://phys.org/news/2018-07-archaeologists-egypt-mummification-workshop.html
  • Weber, Bob. “Ancient Arctic people may have known how to spin yarn long before Vikings arrived.” 7/22/2018. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/vikings-yarn-inuit-research-1.4757237
  • Masterson, Andrew. “Ancient American farmers supplemented poor diet through fungus infection.” Cosmos. 7/19/2018. https://cosmosmagazine.com/archaeology/ancient-american-farmers-supplemented-poor-diet-through-fungus-infection
  • Agence France-Presse. “Indian warrior king's rocket cache found in abandoned well.” The Guardian. 7/27/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/27/indian-warrior-king-tipu-sultan-rocket-cache-unearthed-in-abandoned-well
  • Bonner, Laure. “Making thread in Bronze Age Britain.” EurekAlert. 7/26/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoc-mti072618.php
  • Flood, Alison. “'Spectacular' ancient public library discovered in Germany.” The Guardian. 7/21/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/31/spectacular-ancient-public-library-discovered-in-germany
  • US judge orders return of ancient limestone relief to Iran https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/us-judge-orders-return-of-ancient.html#oT6MiC09YsB8FxWi.99
  • BBC. “Early Roman 'horseshoes' dug up from Vindolanda fort ditch.” 8/4/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-tyne-45034623
  • Filosa, Gwen. “They stole a ‘priceless’ gold bar from a Key West museum — and they’re paying the price.” 7/31/2018. https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/community/florida-keys/article215764985.html
  • Kennedy, Maev. “Looted Iraqi antiquities return home after UK experts crack cold case.” The Guardian. 8/9/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/09/looted-iraqi-antiquities-return-home-after-uk-experts-crack-cold-case
  • Gibson, Anne. “Origins and spread of Eurasian fruits traced to the ancient Silk Road.” EurekAlert. 8/14/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/mpif-oas081318.php
  • Wade, Lizzie. “People might have bred tropical macaws in the desert 1000 years ago.” Science Magazine. 8/13/2018. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/08/people-might-have-bred-tropical-macaws-desert-1000-years-ago
  • Wu, Katherine J. “A Macaw Breeding Center Supplied Prehistoric Americans With Prized Plumage.” Smithsonian.com. 8/13/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/macaw-breeding-center-supplied-plumage-180969982/#wrvKK3Y5AlwYZdHK.99
  • Chokshi, Niraj. “Archaeologists Find 3,200-Year-Old Cheese in an Egyptian Tomb.” 8/16/2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/16/science/oldest-cheese-ever-egypt-tomb.html
  • Hair, Jonathan. “Pictures of Australian WWI submarine wreck may shed new light on how it met its sad fate.” ABC News. 4/23/2018. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-23/hmas-ae1-submarine-wreck-sheds-light-on-fate-of-vessel/9688682
  • Thiessen, Mark. “Shipwreck from only WWII battle in America found off Alaska.” AP. 8/15/2018. https://www.apnews.com/ec6ad774a3934bda8f367db49fe9dcca
  • Gill, Victoria. “Ancient Egyptian mummification 'recipe' revealed.” BBC. 8/16/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45175764
  • AFP. “Britain’s Dry Summer Reveals Ancient Sites.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/15/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/britains-dry-summer-reveals-ancient.html#gRMYoyEAOhEToeJo.97
  • AFP. “Stolen 12th Century Indian Buddha Statue Found In London.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/15/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/stolen-12th-century-indian-buddha.html#kmXze75dUT4fHwaZ.99
  • Keely, Alistair. “Prehistoric mummy reveals ancient Egyptian embalming 'recipe' was around for millennia.” EurekAlert. 8/15/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uoy-pmr081318.php
  • Associated Press. “Drought reveals ancient 'hunger stones' in European river.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/drought-reveals-ancient-hunger-stones.html#yJHj79pKluUovxgk.99
  • Historic Environment. “Pictish symbol stone discovered in Aberdeen .” 8/23/2018. https://www.historicenvironment.scot/about-us/news/pictish-symbol-stone-discovered-in-aberdeen/
  • Janzen, Anneke. “Massive Monumental Cemetery Built by Eastern Africa’s Earliest Herders Discovered Near Lake Turkana, Kenya.” Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 8/20/2018. http://www.shh.mpg.de/1030272/lake-turkana
  • Greshko, Michael. “Treasure trove of fossil human footprints in northern Tanzania is vanishing.” The Archaeology News Network. 8/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/treasure-trove-of-fossil-human.html#gclpapDR6xAR2EtS.99
  • Webb, Carolyn. “No hidden treasure, but 1000 teeth found at Swanston Street dig site.” The Age. 8/21/2018. https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/no-hidden-treasure-but-1000-teeth-found-at-swanston-street-dig-site-20180821-p4zyw3.html
  • The History Blog. “3,800-year-old Relief Found in Peru.” http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/52440
  • Specktor, Brandon. “'Cursed' Mummy Cheese Might Be the World's Oldest, Researchers Say.” LiveScience. 8/16/2018. https://www.livescience.com/63356-oldest-mummy-cheese.html
  • Associated Press. “Wildfire southwest of Berlin sets off WWII ammunition still buried in forests.” Via CBS News. 8/24/2018. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/wildfire-southwest-of-berlin-sets-off-wwii-ammunition-still-buried-in-forests-2018-08-24/
  • Phillips, Dom. “Brazil museum fire: ‘incalculable’ loss as 200-year-old Rio institution gutted.” The Guardian. 9/3/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/sep/03/fire-engulfs-brazil-national-museum-rio
  • Dowell, Stuart. “15th Century Barge Discovered In Poland.” Archaeology News Network. 8/30/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/15th-century-barge-discovered-in-poland.html#LQ7WtBoSvlJYK4gb.97
  • Ahram Online. “Massive Egyptian collection at Brazil's National Museum destroyed: Initial report.” 9/6/2018. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/311017/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/piece-Egyptian-collection-at-Brazils-National-Muse.aspx
  • McClure, Sarah. “Earliest Mediterranean cheese production revealed by pottery over 7,000 years old.” EurekAlert. 9/7/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/p-emc082818.php
  • BBC News. “Medieval gaming board clue to lost Scottish monastery.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/30/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/medieval-gaming-board-clue-to-lost.html#CuPbPIJwUxjJV9XM.99
  • Birmingham Museum of Art. “Birmingham Museum of Art returns stolen statue to India.” Via Archaeology News Network. 9/6/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/09/birmingham-museum-of-art-returns-stolen.html#ZLpuoxsUzlc7RYkc.99
  • McEnchroe, Tom. “Dog Discovers Bronze Age Treasures in Kostelec.” Czech Radio. 9/13/2018. https://www.radio.cz/en/section/curraffrs/dog-discovers-bronze-age-treasure-in-kostelec
  • Spasov, Marina. “A prehistoric thirst for craft beer.” EurekAlert. 9/12/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/e-apt091218.php
  • Coughlan, Sean. “Imprisoned suffragette letter discovered.” BBC. 9/21/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/education-45576262
  • The Slovak Spectator. “Mushroom picker finds precious helmets from late Bronze Age.” https://spectator.sme.sk/c/20913941/mushroom-picker-finds-precious-helmets-from-late-bronze-age.html
  • McDermott, Jennifer. “Shipwreck Off New England Could Be Capt. James Cook’s Lost ‘Endeavour’.” CBS Local. 9/21/2018. https://boston.cbslocal.com/2018/09/21/shipwreck-rhode-island-captain-cook-endeavour/
  • Romey, Kristin. “No, Captain Cook's Ship Hasn't Been Found Yet.” National Geographic. 9/19/2018. https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/04/20160504-Cook-Endeavour-shipwreck-discovery-Newport-underwater-archaeology/
  • The Archaeology News Network. “Egypt recovers relief of Amenhotep I from London.” Archaeology News Network. 9/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/09/egypt-recovers-relief-of-amenhotep-i.html#h5OUkEbID6AhhLmL.99
  • Dobat, Andres. “New digital tool sparks enthusiasm among metal detectorists.” EurekAlert. 9/27/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/au-ndt092718.php
  • Berke, Jeremy. “The results of an astonishing archaeological survey in Guatemela 'compel' a re-evaluation of Maya society.” Business Insider. 9/27/2018. https://www.businessinsider.com/archaeologists-found-thousands-of-lost-mayan-structures-in-guatemala-2018-9
  • Godinez, Andrea. “3,500-year-old pumpkin spice? Archaeologists find the earliest use of nutmeg as a food.” EurekAlert. 10/3/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-10/uow-3ps100318.php
  • Edwards, Catherine. “Eight-year-old Swedish-American girl pulls pre-Viking era sword from lake.” The Local. 10/4/2018. https://www.thelocal.se/20181004/eight-year-old-swedish-girl-pulls-1000-year-old-sword-from-lake
  • "World's oldest champagne" discovered near Åland found to be undrinkable.” Uutiset. https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/worlds_oldest_champagne_discovered_near_aland_found_to_be_undrinkable/10450446
  • Flood, Allison. “Mill workers’ poems about 1860s cotton famine rediscovered.” The Guardian. 8/9/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/aug/09/mill-workers-poems-about-1860s-cotton-famine-rediscovered
  • Bower, Bruce. “The water system that helped Angkor rise may have also brought its fall.” ScienceNews. 10/17/2018. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/water-system-helped-angkor-rise-may-have-also-brought-its-fall
  • Romey, Kristin. “Ancient Black Sea shipwreck is unprecedented discovery.” National Geographic. 10/23/2018. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/2018/10/black-sea-shipwreck-archaeology-map/
  • Perez, Maria. “Mysterious D.B. Cooper Hijacking: Investigators Say They’ve Confirmed Skyjacker’s Identity as Robert Rackstraw.” Newsweek. 6/29/2018. https://www.newsweek.com/db-cooper-robert-rackstraw-cold-case-1001688
  • Waters, Michael R. “New projectile point style could suggest two separate migrations into North America.” EurekAlert. 10/24/2018 https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-10/aaft-npp102218.php
  • Lanaud, Claire. “The Indians of the Ecuadorian Amazon were using cocoa 5,300 years ago.” EurekAlert. 10/30/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-10/c-tio103018.php
  • Kohnke, Erin. “Ancient DNA evidence reveals two unknown migrations from North to South America.” EurekAlert. 11/8/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/cp-ade110118.php
  • China Economic Net. “Chinese archaeologists discover 2,000-year-old liquor in ancient tomb.” The Archaeology News Network. 11/7/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/chinese-archaeologists-discover-2000.html#7PkX71Imbmq1gB0X.99.”
  • Jarus, Owen. “Hundreds of Tiny Terracotta Warriors Found Guarding 2,100-Year-Old Chinese Site.” LiveScience. 11/13/2018. https://www.livescience.com/64071-mini-terracotta-army-discovered-china.html
  • Daley, Jason. “No, Archaeologists Probably Did Not Find a New Piece of the Antikythera Mechanism.” Smithsonian. 11/15/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/no-archaeologists-probably-did-not-find-new-piece-antikythera-mechanism-180970821/#vwwIUBAO3pkTwkYw.9
  • Bower, Bruce. “A Bronze Age tomb in Israel reveals the earliest known use of vanilla.” 11/19/2018. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/bronze-age-tomb-israel-reveals-earliest-known-use-vanilla
  • Archaeology News Network. “Historic Danish warship found at the bottom of the Kattegat Sea.” 11/13/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/historic-danish-warship-found-at-bottom.html#J7wfXGwyjHwTYsf7.99
  • BBC News. “First Celtic chariot burial found in Wales.” Archaeology News Network. 11/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/first-celtic-chariot-burial-found-in.html#C73WAR2oRrfwKHXM.99
  • Porter, Michael J. “Study shows mitochondrial DNA can be passed through fathers – what does this mean for genetics? Via Archaeology News Network. 11/29/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/study-shows-mitochondrial-dna-can-be.html#YESj04griz1whQJB.99
  • Medievalists.net. “London archaeologists discover medieval skeleton with his boots still on.” http://www.medievalists.net/2018/12/london-archaeologists-discover-medieval-skeleton-with-his-boots-still-on/
  • ANSA. “Getty Museum Refuses To Return Lysippos Statue To Italy.” Archaeology News Network. 12/4/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/12/getty-museum-refuses-to-return-lysippos.html#VOU4kGcFewpkbcw2.97
  • O’Loughlin, Ed. “Tuam Mother and Baby Home Remains Will Be Exhumed, Ireland Says.” New York Times. 10/23/2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/23/world/europe/tuam-ireland-mother-and-baby-home-remains.html?login=smartlock&auth=login-smartlock
  • Dunn, Carolyn. “Archeologists find treasure in aftermath of giant forest fire.” CBC. 7/29/2018. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/kenow-fire-blackfoot-archeology-sites-1.4765349
  • Langford, Cameron. “Bodies Unearthed in Texas Were Likely Black Laborers.” 7/19/2018. https://www.courthousenews.com/bodies-unearthed-in-texas-were-likely-black-laborers/
  • Solly, Meilan. “What Ötzi the Iceman’s Tattoos Reveal About Copper Age Medical Practices.” Smithsonian Magazine. 9/10/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/what-otzi-icemans-tattoos-reveal-about-copper-age-medical-practices-180970244/#R86xJvyHsycS0Ww1.99
  • Jarus, Owen. “Massive pyramid, lost city and ancient human sacrifices unearthed in China.” LiveScience. Via Archaeology News Network. 8/24/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/massive-pyramid-lost-city-and-ancient.html#xfwFm5ZHJHadMrFW.99
  • Briceno, Franklin. “Archaeologists find ancient mass child sacrifice in Peru.” 4/30/2018. Archaeology News Network. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/04/archaeologists-find-ancient-mass-child.html#Y2fpAC9YTSQEbv1r.99