Unearthed! in 2018! Part 1


Middle stone age artifacts from Northern and Southern Africa, which show how African populations clustered through time. Eleanor Scerri/Francesco d'Errico/Christopher Henshilwood via EurekAlert

It's time for Unearthed 2018, where we talk about the historical things discovered or dug up in the past year. Part one includes a bunch of research into human migration patterns, mummies, mass graves, and human sacrifices, among other things.

Tracy's Research:

  • Waugh, Rob. “Ancient black granite sarcophagus unearthed in Egypt next to huge stone head.” Yahoo! News. 7/3/2018. https://uk.news.yahoo.com/ancient-black-granite-sarcophagus-unearthed-egypt-next-huge-stone-head-121837730.html?guccounter=1
  • Jarus, Owen. “That Massive Black Sarcophagus Was Opened. Here's What's Inside.” LiveScience. 7/19/2018. https://www.livescience.com/63110-mysterious-black-sarcophagus-opened.html
  • BBC. “Egypt sarcophagus: Mystery black tomb opened in Alexandria.” 7/20/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-44893804
  • El-Aref, Nevine. “Osiris statuette discovered between blocks of Saqqara step pyramid.” Ahram Online. 7/1/2018. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/305974/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Osiris-statuette-discovered-between-blocks-of-Saqq.aspx
  • Vindolanda Trust. “Bronze hand attributed to Roman God Jupiter Dolichenus unearthed at Vindolanda.” Archaeology News Network. 6/28/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/bronze-hand-attributed-to-roman-god.html#KlVg0xCvjJ8bfrTQ.99.”
  • Vindolanda Charitable Trust Blog http://www.vindolanda.com/_blog/thevindolandablog
  • France 3 Lorrain. “14th century wheeled watermill discovered in northeastern France.” Via Archaeology News Network. 6/26/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/14th-century-wheeled-watermill.html#PKJFc8JEO7lm0Q02.99
  • Hassett, Brenna and Haluk Sağlamtimur. “Radical ‘royals’? Burial practices at Başur Höyük and the emergence of early states in Mesopotamia.” Antiquity. Vol. 92, issue 363, June 2018. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/antiquity/article/radical-royals-burial-practices-at-basur-hoyuk-and-the-emergence-of-early-states-in-mesopotamia/23E69D907B072E3789DC5B4F72108AC6
  • Jarus, Owen. “Human Sacrifices Surround Ancient Mesopotamian Tomb.” LiveScience. 6/29/2018. https://www.livescience.com/62954-human-sacrifices-mesopotamia.html
  • Rahhal, Natalie. “Civil War 'bone pit' found at Manassas.” Archaeology News Network. 6/23/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/civil-war-bone-pit-found-at-manassas.html#CfbHIVEiosD7ir1w.99.
  • Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “2,000-year-old pottery vessels salvaged intact from cave in northern Israel.” Via Archaeology News Network. 7/3/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/2000-year-old-pottery-vessels-salvaged.html#yb2YTPrSvKK5F4y3.99.”
  • Mexico News Daily. “2,700-year-old graves discovered in southern Mexico City.” Via Archaeology News Network. 6/30/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/06/2700-years-old-graves-discovered-in.html#9KV00uAsxR1gRjbH.99
  • Hucal, Sarah. “Dismembered bodies of women and children found at German 'Stonehenge’.” Via Archaeology News Network. 7/2/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/dismembered-bodies-of-women-and.html#oFRv5s2svZouzIAv.99
  • Tynan, Jo. “Ancient DNA testing solves 100-year-old controversy in Southeast Asian prehistory.” EurekAlert. 7/6/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoc-adt070618.php
  • Devlin, Hannah. “'Irish giant' may finally get respectful burial after 200 years on display.” The Guardian. 6/22/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/22/irish-giant-may-finally-get-respectful-burial-after-200-years-on-display
  • Meier, Allison. “Will an 18th-Century Giant Finally Get a Burial at Sea?” JSTOR Daily. 6/6/2018. https://daily.jstor.org/will-an-18th-century-giant-finally-get-a-burial-at-sea/
  • Yates, Diana. “First dogs in the Americas arrived from Siberia, disappeared after European contact.” EurekAlert. 7/5/2018 https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoia-fdi07A0218.php
  • AFP. “Roman-era clay tablet with verses from Homer's Odyssey unearthed in Ancient Olympia.” Archaeology News Network. 7/10/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/roman-era-clay-tablet-with-verses-from.html#qEXETKApXPSYwFIg.99
  • Sandes, Duncan. “Discovery of ancient tools in China suggests humans left Africa earlier than previously thought.” EurekAlert. 7/11/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoe-doa071018.php
  • Mader, Petra. “Our fractured African roots.” EurekAlert. 7/11/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/mpif-ofa070518.php
  • Reeves, Jay. “Feds reopen investigation into '55 slaying of Emmett Till — black kid from Chicago whose brutal killing shocked the world.” Chicago Tribune. 7/12/2018. https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-met-emmett-till-slaying-investigation-20180712-story.html
  • Best, Barra. “Dry weather reveals ancient site in Meath's Boyne Valley.” BBC. 7/12/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44801939
  • Hope, Alan. “Massive exhumation of WWI soldiers as Canadians mark war dead.” Brussels Times. 7/14/2018. http://www.brusselstimes.com/rss-feed/11953/massive-exhumation-of-wwi-soldiers-as-canadians-mark-war-dead
  • Maertens, Christophe. “First results excavation Höhe 80 proposed.” HLN. 12/11/2018. (Translated.) https://www.hln.be/regio/heuvelland/eerste-resultaten-opgraving-hohe-80-voorgesteld~a86c2757/?referer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F
  • Keely, Alistair. “The origins of pottery linked with intensified fishing in the post-glacial period.” EurekAlert. 7/16/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoy-too071218.php
  • Otaegui, Dr. Amaia Arranz. “Archaeologists discover bread that predates agriculture by 4,000 years.” EurekAlert. 7/16/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoc--adb071118.php
  • Mickein, Iris. “Mystery of the Basel papyrus solved.” EurekAlert. 7/12/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uob-mot071218.php
  • Zaki, Menna. “Archaeologists in Egypt discover mummification workshop.” PhysOrg. 7/15/2018. https://phys.org/news/2018-07-archaeologists-egypt-mummification-workshop.html
  • Weber, Bob. “Ancient Arctic people may have known how to spin yarn long before Vikings arrived.” 7/22/2018. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/vikings-yarn-inuit-research-1.4757237
  • Masterson, Andrew. “Ancient American farmers supplemented poor diet through fungus infection.” Cosmos. 7/19/2018. https://cosmosmagazine.com/archaeology/ancient-american-farmers-supplemented-poor-diet-through-fungus-infection
  • Agence France-Presse. “Indian warrior king's rocket cache found in abandoned well.” The Guardian. 7/27/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/27/indian-warrior-king-tipu-sultan-rocket-cache-unearthed-in-abandoned-well
  • Bonner, Laure. “Making thread in Bronze Age Britain.” EurekAlert. 7/26/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoc-mti072618.php
  • Flood, Alison. “'Spectacular' ancient public library discovered in Germany.” The Guardian. 7/21/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/31/spectacular-ancient-public-library-discovered-in-germany
  • US judge orders return of ancient limestone relief to Iran https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/us-judge-orders-return-of-ancient.html#oT6MiC09YsB8FxWi.99
  • BBC. “Early Roman 'horseshoes' dug up from Vindolanda fort ditch.” 8/4/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-tyne-45034623
  • Filosa, Gwen. “They stole a ‘priceless’ gold bar from a Key West museum — and they’re paying the price.” 7/31/2018. https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/community/florida-keys/article215764985.html
  • Kennedy, Maev. “Looted Iraqi antiquities return home after UK experts crack cold case.” The Guardian. 8/9/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/09/looted-iraqi-antiquities-return-home-after-uk-experts-crack-cold-case
  • Gibson, Anne. “Origins and spread of Eurasian fruits traced to the ancient Silk Road.” EurekAlert. 8/14/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/mpif-oas081318.php
  • Wade, Lizzie. “People might have bred tropical macaws in the desert 1000 years ago.” Science Magazine. 8/13/2018. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/08/people-might-have-bred-tropical-macaws-desert-1000-years-ago
  • Wu, Katherine J. “A Macaw Breeding Center Supplied Prehistoric Americans With Prized Plumage.” Smithsonian.com. 8/13/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/macaw-breeding-center-supplied-plumage-180969982/#wrvKK3Y5AlwYZdHK.99
  • Chokshi, Niraj. “Archaeologists Find 3,200-Year-Old Cheese in an Egyptian Tomb.” 8/16/2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/16/science/oldest-cheese-ever-egypt-tomb.html
  • Hair, Jonathan. “Pictures of Australian WWI submarine wreck may shed new light on how it met its sad fate.” ABC News. 4/23/2018. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-23/hmas-ae1-submarine-wreck-sheds-light-on-fate-of-vessel/9688682
  • Thiessen, Mark. “Shipwreck from only WWII battle in America found off Alaska.” AP. 8/15/2018. https://www.apnews.com/ec6ad774a3934bda8f367db49fe9dcca
  • Gill, Victoria. “Ancient Egyptian mummification 'recipe' revealed.” BBC. 8/16/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45175764
  • AFP. “Britain’s Dry Summer Reveals Ancient Sites.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/15/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/britains-dry-summer-reveals-ancient.html#gRMYoyEAOhEToeJo.97
  • AFP. “Stolen 12th Century Indian Buddha Statue Found In London.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/15/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/stolen-12th-century-indian-buddha.html#kmXze75dUT4fHwaZ.99
  • Keely, Alistair. “Prehistoric mummy reveals ancient Egyptian embalming 'recipe' was around for millennia.” EurekAlert. 8/15/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uoy-pmr081318.php
  • Associated Press. “Drought reveals ancient 'hunger stones' in European river.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/drought-reveals-ancient-hunger-stones.html#yJHj79pKluUovxgk.99
  • Historic Environment. “Pictish symbol stone discovered in Aberdeen .” 8/23/2018. https://www.historicenvironment.scot/about-us/news/pictish-symbol-stone-discovered-in-aberdeen/
  • Janzen, Anneke. “Massive Monumental Cemetery Built by Eastern Africa’s Earliest Herders Discovered Near Lake Turkana, Kenya.” Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 8/20/2018. http://www.shh.mpg.de/1030272/lake-turkana
  • Greshko, Michael. “Treasure trove of fossil human footprints in northern Tanzania is vanishing.” The Archaeology News Network. 8/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/treasure-trove-of-fossil-human.html#gclpapDR6xAR2EtS.99
  • Webb, Carolyn. “No hidden treasure, but 1000 teeth found at Swanston Street dig site.” The Age. 8/21/2018. https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/no-hidden-treasure-but-1000-teeth-found-at-swanston-street-dig-site-20180821-p4zyw3.html
  • The History Blog. “3,800-year-old Relief Found in Peru.” http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/52440
  • Specktor, Brandon. “'Cursed' Mummy Cheese Might Be the World's Oldest, Researchers Say.” LiveScience. 8/16/2018. https://www.livescience.com/63356-oldest-mummy-cheese.html
  • Associated Press. “Wildfire southwest of Berlin sets off WWII ammunition still buried in forests.” Via CBS News. 8/24/2018. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/wildfire-southwest-of-berlin-sets-off-wwii-ammunition-still-buried-in-forests-2018-08-24/
  • Phillips, Dom. “Brazil museum fire: ‘incalculable’ loss as 200-year-old Rio institution gutted.” The Guardian. 9/3/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/sep/03/fire-engulfs-brazil-national-museum-rio
  • Dowell, Stuart. “15th Century Barge Discovered In Poland.” Archaeology News Network. 8/30/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/15th-century-barge-discovered-in-poland.html#LQ7WtBoSvlJYK4gb.97
  • Ahram Online. “Massive Egyptian collection at Brazil's National Museum destroyed: Initial report.” 9/6/2018. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/311017/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/piece-Egyptian-collection-at-Brazils-National-Muse.aspx
  • McClure, Sarah. “Earliest Mediterranean cheese production revealed by pottery over 7,000 years old.” EurekAlert. 9/7/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/p-emc082818.php
  • BBC News. “Medieval gaming board clue to lost Scottish monastery.” Via Archaeology News Network. 8/30/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/medieval-gaming-board-clue-to-lost.html#CuPbPIJwUxjJV9XM.99
  • Birmingham Museum of Art. “Birmingham Museum of Art returns stolen statue to India.” Via Archaeology News Network. 9/6/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/09/birmingham-museum-of-art-returns-stolen.html#ZLpuoxsUzlc7RYkc.99
  • McEnchroe, Tom. “Dog Discovers Bronze Age Treasures in Kostelec.” Czech Radio. 9/13/2018. https://www.radio.cz/en/section/curraffrs/dog-discovers-bronze-age-treasure-in-kostelec
  • Spasov, Marina. “A prehistoric thirst for craft beer.” EurekAlert. 9/12/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/e-apt091218.php
  • Coughlan, Sean. “Imprisoned suffragette letter discovered.” BBC. 9/21/2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/education-45576262
  • The Slovak Spectator. “Mushroom picker finds precious helmets from late Bronze Age.” https://spectator.sme.sk/c/20913941/mushroom-picker-finds-precious-helmets-from-late-bronze-age.html
  • McDermott, Jennifer. “Shipwreck Off New England Could Be Capt. James Cook’s Lost ‘Endeavour’.” CBS Local. 9/21/2018. https://boston.cbslocal.com/2018/09/21/shipwreck-rhode-island-captain-cook-endeavour/
  • Romey, Kristin. “No, Captain Cook's Ship Hasn't Been Found Yet.” National Geographic. 9/19/2018. https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/04/20160504-Cook-Endeavour-shipwreck-discovery-Newport-underwater-archaeology/
  • The Archaeology News Network. “Egypt recovers relief of Amenhotep I from London.” Archaeology News Network. 9/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/09/egypt-recovers-relief-of-amenhotep-i.html#h5OUkEbID6AhhLmL.99
  • Dobat, Andres. “New digital tool sparks enthusiasm among metal detectorists.” EurekAlert. 9/27/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/au-ndt092718.php
  • Berke, Jeremy. “The results of an astonishing archaeological survey in Guatemela 'compel' a re-evaluation of Maya society.” Business Insider. 9/27/2018. https://www.businessinsider.com/archaeologists-found-thousands-of-lost-mayan-structures-in-guatemala-2018-9
  • Godinez, Andrea. “3,500-year-old pumpkin spice? Archaeologists find the earliest use of nutmeg as a food.” EurekAlert. 10/3/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-10/uow-3ps100318.php
  • Edwards, Catherine. “Eight-year-old Swedish-American girl pulls pre-Viking era sword from lake.” The Local. 10/4/2018. https://www.thelocal.se/20181004/eight-year-old-swedish-girl-pulls-1000-year-old-sword-from-lake
  • "World's oldest champagne" discovered near Åland found to be undrinkable.” Uutiset. https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/worlds_oldest_champagne_discovered_near_aland_found_to_be_undrinkable/10450446
  • Flood, Allison. “Mill workers’ poems about 1860s cotton famine rediscovered.” The Guardian. 8/9/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/aug/09/mill-workers-poems-about-1860s-cotton-famine-rediscovered
  • Bower, Bruce. “The water system that helped Angkor rise may have also brought its fall.” ScienceNews. 10/17/2018. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/water-system-helped-angkor-rise-may-have-also-brought-its-fall
  • Romey, Kristin. “Ancient Black Sea shipwreck is unprecedented discovery.” National Geographic. 10/23/2018. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/2018/10/black-sea-shipwreck-archaeology-map/
  • Perez, Maria. “Mysterious D.B. Cooper Hijacking: Investigators Say They’ve Confirmed Skyjacker’s Identity as Robert Rackstraw.” Newsweek. 6/29/2018. https://www.newsweek.com/db-cooper-robert-rackstraw-cold-case-1001688
  • Waters, Michael R. “New projectile point style could suggest two separate migrations into North America.” EurekAlert. 10/24/2018 https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-10/aaft-npp102218.php
  • Lanaud, Claire. “The Indians of the Ecuadorian Amazon were using cocoa 5,300 years ago.” EurekAlert. 10/30/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-10/c-tio103018.php
  • Kohnke, Erin. “Ancient DNA evidence reveals two unknown migrations from North to South America.” EurekAlert. 11/8/2018. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/cp-ade110118.php
  • China Economic Net. “Chinese archaeologists discover 2,000-year-old liquor in ancient tomb.” The Archaeology News Network. 11/7/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/chinese-archaeologists-discover-2000.html#7PkX71Imbmq1gB0X.99.”
  • Jarus, Owen. “Hundreds of Tiny Terracotta Warriors Found Guarding 2,100-Year-Old Chinese Site.” LiveScience. 11/13/2018. https://www.livescience.com/64071-mini-terracotta-army-discovered-china.html
  • Daley, Jason. “No, Archaeologists Probably Did Not Find a New Piece of the Antikythera Mechanism.” Smithsonian. 11/15/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/no-archaeologists-probably-did-not-find-new-piece-antikythera-mechanism-180970821/#vwwIUBAO3pkTwkYw.9
  • Bower, Bruce. “A Bronze Age tomb in Israel reveals the earliest known use of vanilla.” 11/19/2018. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/bronze-age-tomb-israel-reveals-earliest-known-use-vanilla
  • Archaeology News Network. “Historic Danish warship found at the bottom of the Kattegat Sea.” 11/13/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/historic-danish-warship-found-at-bottom.html#J7wfXGwyjHwTYsf7.99
  • BBC News. “First Celtic chariot burial found in Wales.” Archaeology News Network. 11/22/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/first-celtic-chariot-burial-found-in.html#C73WAR2oRrfwKHXM.99
  • Porter, Michael J. “Study shows mitochondrial DNA can be passed through fathers – what does this mean for genetics? Via Archaeology News Network. 11/29/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/11/study-shows-mitochondrial-dna-can-be.html#YESj04griz1whQJB.99
  • Medievalists.net. “London archaeologists discover medieval skeleton with his boots still on.” http://www.medievalists.net/2018/12/london-archaeologists-discover-medieval-skeleton-with-his-boots-still-on/
  • ANSA. “Getty Museum Refuses To Return Lysippos Statue To Italy.” Archaeology News Network. 12/4/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/12/getty-museum-refuses-to-return-lysippos.html#VOU4kGcFewpkbcw2.97
  • O’Loughlin, Ed. “Tuam Mother and Baby Home Remains Will Be Exhumed, Ireland Says.” New York Times. 10/23/2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/23/world/europe/tuam-ireland-mother-and-baby-home-remains.html?login=smartlock&auth=login-smartlock
  • Dunn, Carolyn. “Archeologists find treasure in aftermath of giant forest fire.” CBC. 7/29/2018. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/kenow-fire-blackfoot-archeology-sites-1.4765349
  • Langford, Cameron. “Bodies Unearthed in Texas Were Likely Black Laborers.” 7/19/2018. https://www.courthousenews.com/bodies-unearthed-in-texas-were-likely-black-laborers/
  • Solly, Meilan. “What Ötzi the Iceman’s Tattoos Reveal About Copper Age Medical Practices.” Smithsonian Magazine. 9/10/2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/what-otzi-icemans-tattoos-reveal-about-copper-age-medical-practices-180970244/#R86xJvyHsycS0Ww1.99
  • Jarus, Owen. “Massive pyramid, lost city and ancient human sacrifices unearthed in China.” LiveScience. Via Archaeology News Network. 8/24/2018. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/massive-pyramid-lost-city-and-ancient.html#xfwFm5ZHJHadMrFW.99
  • Briceno, Franklin. “Archaeologists find ancient mass child sacrifice in Peru.” 4/30/2018. Archaeology News Network. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/04/archaeologists-find-ancient-mass-child.html#Y2fpAC9YTSQEbv1r.99

Topics in this Podcast: Unearthed!, anthropology, mummies, D.B. Cooper, Egypt, archaeology