Transatlantic Cruising Before the Titanic

The Prinzessin Victoria Luise, sometime between 1901 and 1906 Detroit Publishing Company/via U.S. Library of Congress. Public domain

Ships were of course carrying cargo for centuries before the idea of carrying passengers in any sort of vacation sense existed. But once the Black Ball line decided to prioritize passenger comfort, the development of the cruise industry began.

Holly's Research:

  • “Total Loss of the Packet Ship Albion!” The Christian Herald and Seaman's Magazine. Published under the Patronage of the "Port of New-York Society for Promoting the Gospel Among Seamen." 1822. Volume 9. Pages 61-63. Accessed online:
  • Fox, Stephen. “Transatlantic: Samuel Cunard, Isambard Brunel, and the Great Atlantic Steamships.” Harper Perennial. 2004.
  • “Victoria Luise Wreck Tale.” New York Times. Dec. 29, 1906.
  • National Library of Israel. “Albert Ballin, the HAPAG Shipping Company, and the Immigrants to America.”
  • Huldermann, Bernhard. “Albert Ballin.” Cassell and Co. 1922. Accessed online:
  • “Tourist Ship Prinzessin Luise a Wreck.” The American Marine Engineer. National Marine Engineers' Beneficial Association. January 1907.
  • Albion, Robert G. “Planning the Black Ball Line, 1817.” The Business History Review. Vol. 41, No. 1 (Spring, 1967), pp. 104-107.
  • “2018 Cruise Industry Overview.” The Florida-Caribbean Cruise Association.