The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919

Royal North West Mounted Police operations in Winnipeg General Strike, 1919 Public domain

The 1919 strike is the largest in Canada’s history, and shut Winnipeg down. While the strike started out as a simple labor dispute, there were many factors involved in how it played out, and a conspiracy theory that it was a communist uprising.

Tracy's Research:

  • Reilly, J. Nolan. "Winnipeg General Strike of 1919". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 14 May 2019, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/winnipeg-general-strike. Accessed 29 May 2019.
  • Canadian Public Health Association. “Fighting the good fight: Winnipeg general strike of 1919.” https://www.cpha.ca/fighting-good-fight-winnipeg-general-strike-1919
  • CBC. “The Winnipeg General Strike” Le Canada: A People’s History. https://www.cbc.ca/history/EPISCONTENTSE1EP12CH3PA2LE.html
  • Mackie, John. “This Week in History: 1919: Workers in Winnipeg launch a general strike.” Vancouver Sun. 5/17/2019. https://vancouversun.com/news/local-news/this-week-in-history-1919-workers-in-winnipeg-launch-a-general-strike
  • Canadian Museum of History. “Winnipeg General Strike.” https://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/labour/labh22e.html
  • Mitchell, Tom and James Naylor. “Winnipeg General Strike.” http://plainshumanities.unl.edu/encyclopedia/doc/egp.pd.057
  • Clement, dominique. “1919 Winnipeg General Strike.” Canada’s Human Rights History. https://historyofrights.ca/encyclopaedia/main-events/1919-winnipeg-general-strike-2/
  • Aivalis, Christo. “It Inspires Us Still: A Century Later, the Winnipeg General Strike Still Matters.” Active History. 1/21/2019. http://activehistory.ca/2019/01/it-inspires-us-still-a-century-later-the-winnipeg-general-strike-still-matters1/
  • Sinclair, Niigaan. “Racism intertwined with 1919 strike.” Winnipeg Free Press. 5/14/2019. https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/special/strike100/racism-intertwined-with-1919-strike-509936292.html
  • Mitchell, Tom. “’Legal Gentlemen Appointed by the Federal Government’: The Canadian State, the Citizens' Committee of 1000, and Winnipeg's Seditious Conspiracy Trials of 1919-1920.” Labour / Le Travail, Vol. 53 (Spring, 2004). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25149445
  • Bercuson, David J. “The Winnipeg General Strike, Collective Bargaining, and the One Big Union Issue.” The Canadian Historical Review, Volume 51, Number 2, June 1970. Via Project Muse. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/580706/summary
  • Greening, E.W. “The Winnipeg Strike Trials.” Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations, Vol. 20, No. 1 (January 1965). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23069236
  • Francis, Daniel. “1919: The Winnipeg General Strike.” History Today. April 1984.
  • Grant, Hugh and W.A. Makintosh. “Revolution in Winnipeg.” Labour / Le Travail, Vol. 60 (Fall, 2007). https://www.jstor.org/stable/25149804.
  • DuPuis, Michael. “William R. Plewman, ‘The Toronto Daily Star’, and the Reporting of the Winnipeg General Strike.” Labour / Le Travail, Vol. 57 (Spring, 2006). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25149669
  • Isitt, Benjamin. “Searching for Workers' Solidarity: The One Big Union and the Victoria General Strike of 1919.” Labour / Le Travail, Vol. 60 (Fall, 2007). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25149799
  • Peterson, Larry. “Revolutionary Socialism and Industrial Unrest in the Era of the Winnipeg General Strike: The Origins of Communist Labour Unionism in Europe and North America.” Labour / Le Travail, Vol. 13, [Papers from the 1919 Winnipeg General Strike Symposium] (Spring, 1984). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25140403
  • Bumsted, J. M. “The Winnipeg General Strike Reconsidered.” Beaver, vol. 74, no. 3, June 1994, p. 27. EBSCOhost, evergreen.noblenet.org/cgi-bin/ezproxy/memberlogin.cgi?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip&db=f5h&AN=9407012363&scope=site.
  • Perry, Adele. “11.9 The Aqueduct and Colonialism.” Canadian History: Post-Confederation. https://opentextbc.ca/postconfederation/chapter/the-aqueduct-and-colonialism/
  • Kehler, Kate. “General strike lessons learned.” Winnipeg Free Press. 6/26/2015. https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/opinion/analysis/general-strike-lessons-learned-310005391.html
  • Idiong, Uduak. “ Manitoba History: The Third Force: Returned Soldiers in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919.” Manitoba History. Number 34, Autumn 1997. http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/mb_history/34/thirdforce.shtml