The Perdicaris kidnapping happened in Morocco in the early 20th century, but impacted American history significantly. It has been fictionalized in writing and film, but it is plenty dramatic all on its own.
- “Squadron is Ordered to Tangier. Kidnapping of American Citizen to Be Avenged.” The San Francisco Call. May 20, 1904. https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1904-05-20/ed-1/seq-1.pdf
- Carpenter, Frank G. “The Morocco of the Future as Mr. Perdicais Pictures It.” The Times-Dispatch. Aug. 12, 1906. https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1906-08-12/ed-1/seq-28.pdf
- “FRENCH TO POLICE TANGIER. Ion Perdicaris Threatens to Leave Morocco and Offers Suggestions.” The New York Times. July 23, 1904. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1904/07/23/101701596.html?action=click&contentCollection=Archives&module=ArticleEndCTA®ion=ArchiveBody&pgtype=article&pageNumber=2
- Perdicarus, Ion. “The General Situation in Morocco.” The North American Review. Nov. 1, 1905. Accessed online: https://archive.org/details/jstor-25105487/page/n9
- “Dear Mrs. Perdicaris” Tangier American Legation. Sept. 6, 2013. http://legation.ipower.com/blog/?p=105
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Abd al-Aziz.” Encyclopædia Britannica. June 06, 2018. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Abd-al-Aziz-sultan-of-Morocco
- Hughes, John. “House of tears : westerners' adventures in Islamic lands.” Lyons Press. 2005.
- Tuchman, Barbara W. “Perdicaris Alive or Raisuli Dead.” American heritage. Voule 10, Issue 5. August 1959. Accessed online: https://www.americanheritage.com/content/%E2%80%9Cperdicaris-alive-or-raisuli-dead%E2%80%9D
- Walther, Karine V. “Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921.” UNC Press. 2015.
- Morris, Edmund. “Theodore Rex.” Random House. 2002.
- Dennett, Tyler. “John Hay: From Poetry to Politics.” Aslan Press. 2007.
- Hughes, John. “House of Tears: Westerners’ Adventures in Islamic Lands.” Lyons Press. 2005.