The Battle of Ambos Nogales


United States Army and Mexican soldiers guarding the international border (International Street) at Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). Also shown is boundary monument 122. U.S. Army/Public domain

Two cities, both named Nogales, were established, one on each side of the U.S.-Mexico border, after the Gadsden Purchase but before Arizona’s statehood. In the summer of 1918, ongoing tension led to a battle at the border between the two.

Here's the link we mentioned in the listener mail about Edna St. Vincent Millay's home: https://litreactor.com/columns/a-call-to-save-steepletop-why-edna-st-vincent-millays-home-matters

Tracy’s Research:

  • Applewood Books. “August 27, 1918: The Battle of Ambos Nogales brings the Fence to the Border.” http://www.awb.com/dailydose/?p=419
  • Finley, James. P. “Buffalo Soldiers at Huachuca: The Battle of Ambos Nogales.” From Huachuca Illustrated: A Magazine of the Fort Huachuca Museum.
  • “The 10th Cavalry at Huachuca, 1917-1930.” Huachuca Illustrated. Vol. 2, 1999. http://huachuca-www.army.mil/Files/History_Illustrated_BuffaloSoldiersPartII.pdf
  • Tagg, Lori. “February 1918: WWI counterintelligence agents get their man.” U.S. Army. 2/7/2017. https://www.army.mil/article/182075/february_1918_wwi_counterintelligence_agents_get_their_man
  • Parra, Carlos Francisco. “VALIENTES NOGALENSES: The 1918 Battle Between the U.S. and Mexico that TransformedAmbos Nogales.” The Journal of Arizona History, Vol. 51, No. 1 (spring 2010). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41697262
  • Rochlin, Fred and Harriet Rochlin. “The Heart of Ambos Nogales: Boundary Monument 122.” The Journal of Arizona History, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Summer 1976). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41859447
  • Sprouse, Terry W. “Equitable Management of Mexican Effluent in Ambos Nogales.” Journal of the Southwest, Vol. 45, No. 4 (Winter, 2003). https://www.jstor.org/stable/40170267
  • williams, Ed and Anna Johnson. “Walls and Fences: Perspectives from Universities and Museums.” Journal of the Southwest, Vol. 50, No. 3, Fences (Autumn, 2008). https://www.jstor.org/stable/40170389
  • Cadava, Geraldo L. “Borderlands of Modernity and Abandonment: The Lines within Ambos Nogales and the Tohono O'odham Nation .” The Journal of American History, Vol. 98, No. 2 (September 2011). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41509960
  • John, Rachel St. "THE GREAT DIVIDE: Today's raging border controversy began with a surprising incident 100 years ago this summer." Smithsonian, July-Aug. 2018, p. 20+. General OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A547374350/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=0f9d7233. Accessed 26 July 2018.
  • Carroll, Rory. “Border Patrol agent found not guilty of murder in Mexican teen's 2012 death.” The Guardian. 4/24/2018. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/apr/23/border-patrol-shooting-jose-antonio-elena-rodriguez-lonnie-swartz
  • Balli, Cecilia. “Two Cities, Two Countries, Common Ground.” New York Times. 2/5/2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/05/travel/nogales-arizona-mexico-border.html
  • Block, Melissa. “When The Border Is Just Next Door, Crossing It Is A Fact Of (Daily) Life.” NPR. Morning Edition. 4/4/2017. https://www.npr.org/2017/04/04/520874611/when-the-border-is-just-next-door-crossing-it-is-a-fact-of-daily-life
  • Binelli, Mark. "10 Shots Across the Border." The New York Times Magazine, 6 Mar. 2016, p. 36(L). Biography in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A445227880/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=b52e5db1. Accessed 26 July 2018.
  • Hart, Paul. "Lives on the Line: Dispatches from the U.S.-Mexico Border." Southwestern American Literature, vol. 27, no. 1, 2001, p. 104+. Academic OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A207283577/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=458c08fb. Accessed 26 July 2018.

Topics in this Podcast: racism, military history, U.S. history, Mexican history, 20th century, World War I, Hispanic and Latino history