The Battle of Ambos Nogales

United States Army and Mexican soldiers guarding the international border (International Street) at Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). Also shown is boundary monument 122. U.S. Army/Public domain

Two cities, both named Nogales, were established, one on each side of the U.S.-Mexico border, after the Gadsden Purchase but before Arizona’s statehood. In the summer of 1918, ongoing tension led to a battle at the border between the two.

Here's the link we mentioned in the listener mail about Edna St. Vincent Millay's home:

Tracy’s Research:

  • Applewood Books. “August 27, 1918: The Battle of Ambos Nogales brings the Fence to the Border.”
  • Finley, James. P. “Buffalo Soldiers at Huachuca: The Battle of Ambos Nogales.” From Huachuca Illustrated: A Magazine of the Fort Huachuca Museum.
  • “The 10th Cavalry at Huachuca, 1917-1930.” Huachuca Illustrated. Vol. 2, 1999.
  • Tagg, Lori. “February 1918: WWI counterintelligence agents get their man.” U.S. Army. 2/7/2017.
  • Parra, Carlos Francisco. “VALIENTES NOGALENSES: The 1918 Battle Between the U.S. and Mexico that TransformedAmbos Nogales.” The Journal of Arizona History, Vol. 51, No. 1 (spring 2010). Via JSTOR.
  • Rochlin, Fred and Harriet Rochlin. “The Heart of Ambos Nogales: Boundary Monument 122.” The Journal of Arizona History, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Summer 1976). Via JSTOR.
  • Sprouse, Terry W. “Equitable Management of Mexican Effluent in Ambos Nogales.” Journal of the Southwest, Vol. 45, No. 4 (Winter, 2003).
  • williams, Ed and Anna Johnson. “Walls and Fences: Perspectives from Universities and Museums.” Journal of the Southwest, Vol. 50, No. 3, Fences (Autumn, 2008).
  • Cadava, Geraldo L. “Borderlands of Modernity and Abandonment: The Lines within Ambos Nogales and the Tohono O'odham Nation .” The Journal of American History, Vol. 98, No. 2 (September 2011). Via JSTOR.
  • John, Rachel St. "THE GREAT DIVIDE: Today's raging border controversy began with a surprising incident 100 years ago this summer." Smithsonian, July-Aug. 2018, p. 20+. General OneFile, Accessed 26 July 2018.
  • Carroll, Rory. “Border Patrol agent found not guilty of murder in Mexican teen's 2012 death.” The Guardian. 4/24/2018.
  • Balli, Cecilia. “Two Cities, Two Countries, Common Ground.” New York Times. 2/5/2018.
  • Block, Melissa. “When The Border Is Just Next Door, Crossing It Is A Fact Of (Daily) Life.” NPR. Morning Edition. 4/4/2017.
  • Binelli, Mark. "10 Shots Across the Border." The New York Times Magazine, 6 Mar. 2016, p. 36(L). Biography in Context, Accessed 26 July 2018.
  • Hart, Paul. "Lives on the Line: Dispatches from the U.S.-Mexico Border." Southwestern American Literature, vol. 27, no. 1, 2001, p. 104+. Academic OneFile, Accessed 26 July 2018.

Topics in this Podcast: racism, military history, U.S. history, Mexican history, 20th century, World War I, international incidents, Hispanic and Latino history