Sushruta, Father of Plastic Surgery


Watercolor drawing of Sushruta, via Wellcome Images. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license

Sushruta’s Compendium is one of the foundational texts of Ayurveda, India’s traditional system of medicine. He’s also known as the father of plastic surgery, and was writing about medicine and surgery at least 200 years before Hippocrates.

Tracy's Research:

  • Dwivedi, Girish and Shridhar Dwivedi. “Sushruta – the Clinician – Teacher par Excellence.” [Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2007; 49: 243-244. http://medind.nic.in/iae/t07/i4/iaet07i4p243.pdf
  • Rance, Caroline. “7 Facts About the History of Medicine.” History Extra. 4/6/2016. https://www.historyextra.com/period/prehistoric/7-facts-about-the-history-of-medicine/
  • Champaneria, MC et al. “Sushruta: Father of Plastic Surgery.” International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) . 2013. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a814/d1da85b72cd88c28ecd5b85a3821df1770ef.pdf
  • Saraf, F. and R Parihar. “Sushruta: The first Plastic Surgeon in 600 B.C.” International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2013. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a814/d1da85b72cd88c28ecd5b85a3821df1770ef.pdf
  • Freshwater, M. Felix MD. “Correcting Factual Errors in ‘Sushruta: Father of Plastic Surgery.’” Annals of Plastic Surgery: January 2015 - Volume 74 - Issue 1 - p 136. https://journals.lww.com/annalsplasticsurgery/Citation/2015/01000/Correcting_Factual_Errors_in__Sushruta___Father_of.30.aspx
  • Singh, Vibha. “Sushruta: The father of surgery.” Natl Journal Maxillofacial Surgery. 2017 Jan-Jun; 8(1): 1–3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5512402/
  • Saroshe, Satish. “Sushruta: the ancient Indian surgeon.” Hektoen International: A Journal of Medical Humanities.” https://hekint.org/2017/01/22/sushruta-the-ancient-indian-surgeon/
  • Van Middendorp, Joost J., et al. “The Edwin Smith papyrus: a clinical reappraisal of the oldest known document on spinal injuries.” European Spine Journal. November 2010. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2989268/
  • Mukherjee, Nayana Sharma et al. “A Nose Lost and Honour Regained: The Indian Method of Rhinoplasty Revisited.” Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Vol. 72, Part 2, 2011. https://www.jstor.org/stable/44146788
  • Mark, Joshua J. “Sushruta.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. https://www.ancient.eu/sushruta/
  • Shah, Sangeeta. “Ophthalmology in ancient time - the Sushruta Samhita.” Journal of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research. 6.3 (September-December 2018). From Academic OneFile.
  • Tewari, M and H. Shukla. “Sushruta: 'The Father of Indian Surgery.’” Indian Journal of Surgery. 67.4 (July-August 2005). From General OneFile.
  • "Sushruta." World of Health, Gale, 2007. Science in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2191501250/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=d366c500. Accessed 8 Jan. 2019.
  • Kak, Subhash. “Āyurveda.” Encyclopedia of India. Ed. Stanley Wolpert. Vol. 1. Detroit, MI: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006. p82-86. From Global Issues in Context.
  • Valiathan, M.S. “Glimpses of ancient Indian medicine––Part I.” Current Science, Vol. 59, No. 9 (10 May 1990). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24093749
  • Valiathan, M.S. “Glimpses of ancient Indian medicine—Part II.” Current Science, Vol. 59, No. 10 (25 May 1990). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24093578
  • Bhishagratna, Kaviraj Kunja Lal. “An English translation of the Sushruta samhita, based on original Sanskrit text.” Calcutta. 1907-1916. Via Archive.org. https://archive.org/details/englishtranslati01susruoft/
  • Science Museum. “Gaspare Tagliacozzi (1545-99).” http://broughttolife.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/people/gasparetagliacozzi
  • Puthumana, Philip Philip. “Through the mists of time: Sushrutha, an enigma revisited.” Journal of Indian Plastic Surgery. Vol. 42, Issue 2. 2009. http://www.ijps.org/article.asp?issn=0970-0358;year=2009;volume=42;issue=2;spage=219;epage=223;aulast=Puthumana
  • Bhattacharya, Surajit. “Sushrutha - our proud heritage.” Journal of Indian Plastic Surgery. Vol. 42, Issue 2. 2009. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2845369/
  • Nichter, Larry S. et al. “The Impact of Indian Methods for Total Nasal Reconstruction.” https://drnichter.com/impact-indian-methods-total-nasal-reconstruction/

Topics in this Podcast: antiquity, rhinoplasty, medical history, Ancient History, Indian history, Asian history