Raphael Lemkin and the Genocide Convention


The United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Inset: Raphael Lemkin American Jewish Historical Society Raphael Lemkin Collection

Dr. Raphael Lemkin is often described as the person who coined the term “genocide.” And he did do that – but was also the driving force behind the existence of the U.N. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

Tracy's Research:

  • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Coining a Word and Championing a Cause: The Story of Raphael Lemkin.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/coining-a-word-and-championing-a-cause-the-story-of-raphael-lemkin
  • Ignatieff, Michael. “The Legacy of Raphael Lemkin.” Introduction by Jerome Shestack. Delivered 12/13/2000. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. https://www.ushmm.org/confront-genocide/speakers-and-events/all-speakers-and-events/the-legacy-of-raphael-lemkin
  • Facing History. “Raphael Lemkin and the Genocide Convention.” From Holocaust and Human Behavior. https://www.facinghistory.org/holocaust-and-human-behavior/chapter-11/raphael-lemkin-and-genocide-convention
  • Facing History. “Conventional Revolution: Raphael Lemkin and the Crime Without a Name.” https://www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/video/conventional-revolution-raphael-lemkin-and-crime-without-name
  • Holocaust Memorial Day Trust. “Raphael Lemkin.” https://www.hmd.org.uk/resource/raphael-lemkin/
  • Cantor, Aviva. “Raphael Lemkin and the Genocide Convention: Living Legacy of a Lonely Lawyer.” Na’Amat Woman. Summer 2010. https://www.cjh.org/pdfs/Summer2010NaamatWoman.pdf
  • "Raphael Lemkin." Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, edited by Israel Gutman, Macmillan Reference USA, 1995. World History in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/BT2339103012/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=23dd174c. Accessed 15 Feb. 2019.
  • "Raphael Lemkin." Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, edited by John Merriman and Jay Winter, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2007. Biography in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K3447000552/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=0c4a5120. Accessed 15 Feb. 2019.
  • Hamilton, Bernard F. "Lemkin, Raphael." Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, edited by Dinah L. Shelton, vol. 2, Macmillan Reference USA, 2005, pp. 643-645. Global Issues in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3434600216/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=8f62fd63. Accessed 15 Feb. 2019.
  • "Genocide." Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, edited by John Merriman and Jay Winter, vol. 3, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006, pp. 1194-1206. Global Issues in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3447000391/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=b6151eb0. Accessed 15 Feb. 2019.
  • United Nations. “Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 9 December 1948.” 1/12/1951. https://treaties.un.org/doc/publication/unts/volume%2078/volume-78-i-1021-english.pdf
  • Ignatieff, Michael. “The Genocide Convention - A crime against humanity.” RSA Journal, Vol. 148, No. 5492 (2000). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41378887
  • Milliren, Maríam. “The U.N. Convention on Genocide.” World Affairs, Vol. 110, No. 4 (Winter, 1947). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/20664513
  • “Universal Human Rights Declaration Must Continue Guiding Path to Development, Security, Secretary-General Says at Anniversary Event for Historic Document.” United Nations. 9/26/2018. https://www.un.org/press/en/2018/sgsm19246.doc.htm
  • “All Nations Duty-Bound to Prevent Genocide, Punish Perpetrators, Secretary-General Says in Observance Message, Urging Universal Ratification of Convention.” United Nations. 12/7/2018. https://www.un.org/press/en/2018/sgsm19399.doc.htm
  • “96(1): The Crime of Genocide.” United Nations. 12/11/1946. https://undocs.org/A/RES/96(I)
  • Martin, Thomas R. “An Overview of Classical Greek History from Mycenae to Alexander.” Via Tufts University. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0009%3Achapter%3D12%3Asection%3D1%3Asubsection%3D11
  • “The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State.” 5/28/1915. https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1915Supp/d1398
  • Lemkin, Raphael. “Totally Unofficial: The Autobiography of Raphael Lemkin.” Edited by Donna-Lee Frieze. Yale University Press. 2013.
  • “Modern History Sourcebook: Adolf Hitler: The Obersalzberg Speech.” Fordham University. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/hitler-obersalzberg.asp

Topics in this Podcast: 20th century, immigration, war crimes, treaties, Jewish history, Polish history, World War II, European history