Nisei in World War II: The MIS, 100th and 442nd


Two color guards and color bearers of the Japanese-American 442d Combat Team, stand at attention, while their citations are read in the Bruyeres area, France. U.S. Army Signal Corps/Public domain

The 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team were segregated units for soldiers of Japanese descent that were created during WWII. The story of these units is closely intertwined with the Military Intelligence Service as well.

Tracy's Research:

  • PBS. “The War.” Fighting For Democracy: Japanese Americans. http://www.pbs.org/thewar/at_war_democracy_japanese_american.htm
  • Odo, Franklin. “442nd Regimental Combat Team.” Densho Encyclopedia. http://encyclopedia.densho.org/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team/
  • Odo, Franklin. “Varsity Victory Volunteers.” Densho Encyclopedia. http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Varsity_Victory_Volunteers/
  • Nakamura, Kelli Y. “Military Intelligence Service.” Densho Encyclopedia. http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Military_Intelligence_Service/
  • Niiya, Brian. “Buddhahead.” Densho Encyclopedia. http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Buddhahead/
  • Odo, Franklin. “100th Infantry Battalion.” Densho Encyclopedia. http://encyclopedia.densho.org/100th_Infantry_Battalion/
  • “The story of the 442nd combat team, composed of 442nd infantry regiment, 522nd field artillery battalion, 232nd combat engineer company. Compiled by members of the 442nd combat team.” http://oac-upstream.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/hb2s2004jj/?brand=oac4
  • Muller, Eric. “A Penny for Their Thoughts: Draft Resistance at the Poston Relocation Center.” Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 68, No. 2. Spring, 2005. Via JSTOR. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27592096
  • Hansen, Arthur A. “The 1944 Nisei Draft at Heart Mountain, Wyoming: Its Relationship to the Historical Representation of the World War II Japanese American Evacuation.” OAH Magazine of History, Vol. 10, No. 4, Asian American History (Summer, 1996). Via JSTOR. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25163101
  • McNaughton, James C. “Japanese Americans and the U.S. Army: A Historical Reconsideration.” Army History, No. 59 (Summer–Fall 2003). Via JSTOR. http://www.jstor.org/stable/26306343
  • "World War II: the 100th Infantry Combat Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team." DISCovering Multicultural America: African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans, Gale, 2003. Academic OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ2116235950/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=abe1b517. Accessed 19 Apr. 2018.
  • Lum, Lydia. "Taking a stand: more than 300 men of Japanese descent refused U.S. government orders to enter the military in the 1940s. Only in recent years have these men gained recognition for their actions." Diverse Issues in Higher Education, 14 Dec. 2006, p. 22+. General OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A156651759/GPS?u=som&sid=GPS&xid=5c0d0f09. Accessed 19 Apr. 2018.
  • Nakamura, Kelli. "Military Intelligence Service Language School." Densho Encyclopedia. 10 Jun 2015. https://encyclopedia.densho.org/Military%20Intelligence%20Service%20Language%20School/
  • Nakamura, Kelli. "They Are Our Human Secret Weapons": The Military Intelligence Service and the Role of Japanese-Americans in the Pacific War and in the Occupation of Japan. The Historian, Vol. 70, No. 1 (SPRING 2008). http://www.jstor.org/stable/24454293
  • Ano, Masaharu. “Loyal Linguists: Nisei of World War II Learned Japanese in Minnesota.” Minnesota History, Vol. 45, No. 7 (Fall, 1977). http://www.jstor.org/stable/20178492
  • Sato, Marie. "Japanese American women in military." Densho Encyclopedia. 2 Aug 2017, 13:58 PDT. 30 Apr 2018, 13:59 https://encyclopedia.densho.org/Japanese%20American%20women%20in%20military/
  • Historical perspective: 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry past and present Army Reserve Magazine. 50.4 (Spring 2005): p35+. From General OneFile. Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2005 U.S. Army Reserve. http://www.armyreserve.army.mil/arweb/forsoldiers/
  • Tyndall, Lily. “Hawaii’s long road to statehood.” Prologue: Pieces of History. https://prologue.blogs.archives.gov/2017/08/21/hawaiis-long-road-to-statehood/

Topics in this Podcast: wwii, U.S. history, military history, 20th century, Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage, japanese internment, Japanese Americans, World War II