A destroyed shop in Magdeburg after Kristallnacht. Deutsches Bundesarchiv/Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Kristallnacht was a massive act of antisemitic violence that was named for the shards of glass left littering the streets in more than a thousand cities and towns in the German Reich. NOTE: This episode is not appropriate for young children.

Tracy's Research:

  • "Kristallnacht." Global Events: Milestone Events Throughout History, edited by Jennifer Stock, vol. 4: Europe, Gale, 2014, pp. 351-353. Global Issues in Context, Accessed 11 Oct. 2018.
  • Thalmann, Rita. "Kristallnacht." Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, edited by Dinah L. Shelton, vol. 2, Macmillan Reference USA, 2005, pp. 626-628. Global Issues in Context, Accessed 11 Oct. 2018.
  • "Kristallnacht." Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, edited by Israel Gutman, Macmillan Reference USA, 1990. World History in Context, Accessed 11 Oct. 2018.
  • “The Jewish Question & German Foreign Policy.” Foreign Ministry Circular. Akten zur deutschen auswaertigen Politik 1918-1945 ("Documents on German Foreign Policy 1918-1945"), series D (1937-1945), Vol. V, Baden-Baden, 1953, pp. 780-785. Via Jewish Virtual Library.
  • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Kristallnacht.”
  • McKale, Donald. “A Case of Nazi ‘Justice’: The Punishment of Party Members Involved in the Kristallnacht, 1938.” Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 35, No. 3/4 (Jul. - Oct., 1973).
  • Jewish Virtual Library. “The Nuremberg Laws.”
  • Cosgrove, Ben. “After Kristallnacht: An Infamous Press Conference 'Justifies' Terror, 1938.” 10/13/2013.
  • U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. “The Evian Conference.”
  • Gilbert, Martin. “Kristallnacht: Prelude to Destruction.” HarperCollins. 2006.
  • Friedlander, Henry. “The Judiciary and Nazi Crimes in Postwar Germany.” Museum of Tolerance Online Center. Originally presented at Western Association for German Studies (WAGS), El Paso, Texas, 1982.
  • Marrus, Michael. “The Strange Story of Herschel Grynszpan.” The American Scholar, Vol. 57, No. 1 (Winter 1988). Via JSTOR.

Topics in this Podcast: 20th century, holocaust, nazis, Germany, Jewish history, European history