From his start as an apprentice to a nurseryman in London, John Kidwell would go on to catalyze the establishment of Hawaii’s pineapple industry. His story is also tied to the white business-driven Reform Party and its coup over the Hawaiian monarchy.
- Bartholomew, Duane P., et al. “Hawaii Pineapple: The Rise and Fall of an Industry.” HortScience. October 2012. Vol. 47, No. 10. 1390-1398. Accessed online: http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/47/10/1390.full
- Hawkins, Richard A. “An English Entrepreneur in the Hawaiian Islands: The Life and Times of John Kidwell, 1849—1922.” Hawaiian Journal of History. Vol. 31. 1997. https://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10524/512
- Hawkins, Richard A. “A Pacific Industry: The History of Pineapple Canning in Hawaii.” I.B. Taurus. 2011.
- Okihiro, Gary Y. “Pineapple Culture: A History of Tropical and Temperate Zones.” University of California Press. 2009.
- Warner, Glen W. “The Hawaiian Pineapple Industry.” School Science and Mathematics Association. October 1959. Accessed online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1949-8594.1959.tb08260.x/abstract