Henry Every, Successful Pyrate


An 18th-century engraving of Henry Avery Public domain

Every carried out what’s been described as the most profitable and brutal pirate raid in history. It became a massive international incident, and Britain tried to repair its relationship with the Mughal Empire through a highly publicized series of trials.

Tracy's Research:

  • Redwood Library and Athenaeum. “Thomas Tew and the Pirate Utopia of Libertatia.” https://www.redwoodlibrary.org/blog/redwood-staff/2016/06/02/thomas-tew-and-pirate-utopia-libertatia
  • Proclamation for apprehending Henry Every, alias Bridgeman, and sundry other pirates. Scotland. Privy Council., Scotland. Sovereign (1694-1702 : William II). https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/B05636.0001.001/1:1?rgn=div1;view=fulltext
  • Andrews, Evan. “Henry Every’s Bloody Pirate Raid, 320 Years Ago.” History.com. https://www.history.com/news/henry-everys-bloody-pirate-raid-320-years-ago
  • “A / COPY of VERSES, / COMPOSED BY / Captain Henry Every, / LATELY / Gone to SEA to seek his FORTUNE. .” 1696. https://ebba.english.ucsb.edu/ballad/22206/xml
  • “A General History of the Pyrates: from their first rise and settlement in the island of Providence, to the present time.” https://www.gutenberg.org/files/40580/40580-h/40580-h.htm
  • By the Lords Justices of England, A PROCLAMATION. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A39488.0001.001/1:1?firstpubl1=1470;firstpubl2=1700;rgn=div1;singlegenre=All;sort=occur;subview=detail;type=simple;view=fulltext;q1=henry+every
  • By the Lords Justices, A PROCLAMATION. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A39489.0001.001?rgn=main;view=fulltext;q1=henry+every
  • Burgess, Douglas R. Jr. “Piracy in the Public Sphere: The Henry Every Trials and the Battle for Meaning in Seventeenth-Century Print Culture.” Journal of British Studies, Vol. 48, No. 4 (Oct., 2009). Via JSTOR. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27752637
  • Baer, Joel H. “Bold Captain Avery in the Privy Council: Early Variants of a Broadside Ballad from the Pepys Collection.” Folk Music Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1 (1995). Via JSTOR. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4522500
  • “The Tryals of Joseph Dawson, Edward Forseith, William May, [brace] William Bishop, James Lewis, and John Sparkes for several piracies and robberies by them committed in the company of Every the grand pirate, near the coasts of the East-Indies, and several other places on the seas : giving an account of their villainous robberies and barbarities : at the Admiralty sessions, begun at the Old-Baily on the 29th of October, 1696, and ended on the 6th of November.” https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A63217.0001.001?rgn=main;view=fulltext;q1=henry+every
  • Sims-Williams, Ursula. “When pirate Henry Avery hijacked a Mughal ship, souring Aurangzeb’s ties with East India Company.” Scroll.in. 8/9/2017. https://scroll.in/article/846409/when-pirate-henry-avery-hijacked-a-mughal-ship-souring-aurangzebs-ties-with-east-india-company

Topics in this Podcast: pirates, 17th century, British East India Company, British history, Indian history, trials