Henry Dunant, Founder of the Red Cross

Portrait of Jean-Henri Dunant (1828-1910), founder of the International Red Cross and winner of the first Nobel Peace Prize, along with Frederic Passy. Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

After witnessing the brutality of a battle first-hand, Swiss-born Dunant dedicated his life to easing the suffering brought by war. But he did so at great cost to his personal life.