Great Zimbabwe

Complex ruins on Hill Complex, with the Great Enclosure wall on the right, Great Zimbabwe (UNESCO World Heritage List, 1986). Zimbabwe, 10th-15th century. DEA / S. VANNINI / De Agostini/Getty Images

Great Zimbabwe was a massive stone city in southeastern Africa that was a thriving trade center from the 11th to 15th centuries. But when Europeans first learned of it in the 16th century, they were certain it wasn't African at all.

Topics in this Podcast: African history, Zimbabwe, 11th Century, 12th century, 13th century, 14th Century, 15th Century, Cecil Rhodes, Rhodesia, racism, colonialism