Frieda Belinfante is inspiring as a musician, breaking gender barriers in becoming a conductor. She was also a member of the Dutch resistance, who risked her life again and again during WWII in defiance of the German occupation of the Netherlands.
You can find more information on the Holocaust Center of Pittsburgh, including their Chutz-POW! project here.
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “The Frieda Belinfante Collection.” https://www.ushmm.org/collections/the-museums-collections/curators-corner/the-frieda-belinfante-collection
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Interview with Frieda Belinfante.” May 31, 1994. https://collections.ushmm.org/artifact/image/h00/00/h0000032.pdf
- Pasles, Chris. “O.C. Musical Pioneer Frieda Belinfante Dies at 90 : Obituary: She conducted the Orange County Philharmonic during 1950s. In World War II, she was in the Dutch underground.” Los Angeles Times. March 7, 1995. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1995-03-07-me-39790-story.html
- SND Films. “But I Was a Girl, The Story of Frieda Belinfante.” 2018.