Fort Shaw Indian School: Basketball Champions (pt. 2)

The Fort Shaw Indian School girls' basketball team at the 1904 World's Fair. From left to right front: Emma Sansaver, Genie Butch, Belle Johnson, Nettie Wirth. Back: Rose LaRose, Flora Lucero, Katie Snell, Minnie Burton, Genevieve Healy, Sarah Mitchell. Attributed to Jessie Tarbox Beals. Missouri History Museum. Public domain.

In 1904, the Fort Shaw Indian School women’s basketball team spent four months at the St. Louis World’s Fair. The team performed mandolin recitals, literary recitations, demonstrations of gymnastics and calisthenics, and became World Champions.

Tracy's Research:

  • Twiggs, John, director. “Playing for the World.” Co-produced by Alison Perkins. Narrated by Tantoo Cardinal. Montana PBS.
  • Miller, J.R.. "Residential Schools". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2012. Web. 11 Oct 2012.
  • Flowers, Darryl L. “Fort Shaw Celebrates Sesquicentennial On Sunday.” Fairfield Sun Times. 8/8/2017.
  • Nasmith, James. “Dr. James Naismith's Original 13 Rules of Basketball.”
  • Springfield College. “Where Basketball was Invented: The Birthplace of Basketball.”
  • Missouri Digital Heritage. “Louisiana Purchase Exposition: The 1904 St. Louis World's Fair.”
  • Missouri Historical Society. “The 1904 Worlds’ Fair: Looking Back at Looking Forward.”
  • Allen, Greg. “'Living Exhibits' at 1904 World's Fair Revisited.” NPR. 5/31/2004.
  • University of Delaware Library Special Collections Department. “Progress Made Visible: Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, 1904.”
  • Montana Women’s History Project. “Champions: The Girls of Fort Shaw.” 4/3/2014.
  • McNeel, Jack. “Before Schimmel: The Indian Women Who Became Basketball Champions.” Indian Country Today. 10/27/2013.
  • Farrell, Brenna. “Photos: Before and After Carlisle.” Radiolab. 1/29/2015.
  • Marr, Carolyn J. “Assimilation Through Education: Indian Boarding Schools in the Pacific Northwest.” University of Washington.
  • Peavey, Linda and Ursula Smith. “World Champions: The 1904 Girls’ Basketball Team from Fort Shaw Indian Boarding School.” Montana: The Magazine of Western History. Winter 2001.
  • Official Report of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of Charities and Correction (1892), 46–59. Reprinted in Richard H. Pratt, “The Advantages of Mingling Indians with Whites,” Americanizing the American Indians: Writings by the “Friends of the Indian” 1880–1900 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973), 260–271.
  • Bear, Charla. “American Indian School a Far Cry from the Past.” Morning Edition. 5/13/2008.
  • Bear, Charla. “American Indian Boarding Schools Haunt Many.” Morning Edition. 5/12/2008.
  • Pember, Mary Annette. “When Will U.S. Apologize for Boarding School Genocide?.” Indian Country Today. 6/20/2015.
  • PBS. “Indian Country Diaries.”
  • Peavy, Linda and Ursula Smith. “Full-court Quest: The Girls from Fort Shaw Indian School Basketball Champions of the World.” University of Oklahoma Press: Norman. 2008.

Topics in this Podcast: World's Fair, racism, sports history, entertainment history, basketball, Fort Shaw Indian School, American Indian boarding schools, Native American history, 20th century, 19th century, Fort Shaw basketball