The Fort Shaw Indian School was part of a boarding school system designed to make Native American students conform to white culture. In a surprising twist, it also boasted a champion women’s basketball team.
Please excuse Tracy's error: Basketball was first developed in Springfield, Massachusetts, not Springfield, Connecticut.
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- Montana Women’s History Project. “Champions: The Girls of Fort Shaw.” 4/3/2014. http://montanawomenshistory.org/champions/
- McNeel, Jack. “Before Schimmel: The Indian Women Who Became Basketball Champions.” Indian Country Today. 10/27/2013. https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/history/events/before-schimmel-the-indian-women-who-became-basketball-champions/
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- Peavey, Linda and Ursula Smith. “World Champions: The 1904 Girls’ Basketball Team from Fort Shaw Indian Boarding School.” Montana: The Magazine of Western History. Winter 2001. http://montanawomenshistory.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Peavy-Linda-and-Ursula-Smith-World-Champions.pdf
- Official Report of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of Charities and Correction (1892), 46–59. Reprinted in Richard H. Pratt, “The Advantages of Mingling Indians with Whites,” Americanizing the American Indians: Writings by the “Friends of the Indian” 1880–1900 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973), 260–271. http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4929/
- Bear, Charla. “American Indian School a Far Cry from the Past.” Morning Edition. 5/13/2008. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=17645287
- Bear, Charla. “American Indian Boarding Schools Haunt Many.” Morning Edition. 5/12/2008. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=16516865
- Pember, Mary Annette. “When Will U.S. Apologize for Boarding School Genocide?.” Indian Country Today. 6/20/2015. https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/first-nations/when-will-us-apologize-for-boarding-school-genocide/
- PBS. “Indian Country Diaries.” http://www.pbs.org/indiancountry/history/
- Peavy, Linda and Ursula Smith. “Full-court Quest: The Girls from Fort Shaw Indian School Basketball Champions of the World.” University of Oklahoma Press: Norman. 2008.
Topics in this Podcast: racism, sports history, entertainment history, basketball, Fort Shaw Indian School, American Indian boarding schools, Native American history, 20th century, 19th century, Fort Shaw basketball