Emma Lazarus


Statue of Liberty, New York Harbour, late 19th century. Photograph from Portfolio of Photographs, of Famous Scenes, Cities and Paintings by John L Stoddard, published by the Werner Company. Photo by The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images

Emma Lazarus became one of the United States’ first successful Jewish American writers, moving in the New York literary scene of the late 1800s. She also wrote one of the most famous poems of ALL TIME, and even if you don’t know her name, odds are you know at least some of that work.

Holly's Research:

  • “Emma Lazarus Biography.” Biography.com. April 13, 2016. https://www.biography.com/people/emma-lazarus-9375885
  • Jewish Women's Archive. "Emma Lazarus to Philip Cowen circa 1883." https://jwa.org/media/transcription-of-letter-from-emma-lazarus-to-philip-cowen-c1883.
  • Crain, Caleb. “Mother of Exiles.” The New York Times. Dec. 31, 2006. https://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/31/books/review/Crain.t.html
  • Antler, Joyce. “Emma Lazarus Federation of Jewish Women's Clubs.” Jewish Women’s Archive. https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/emma-lazarus-federation-of-jewish-womens-clubs
  • “Emma Lazarus.” National Park Service. https://www.nps.gov/stli/learn/historyculture/emma-lazarus.htm
  • Lichtenstein, Diane. “Emma Lazarus, 1849-1887.” Jewish Women’s Archive Encyclopedia. https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/lazarus-emma
  • Mettler, Katie. “’Give me your tired, your poor’: The Story of Poet and Refugee Advocate Emma Lazarus.” Washington Post. Feb. 1, 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2017/02/01/give-us-your-tired-your-poor-the-story-of-poet-and-refugee-advocate-emma-lazarus/?utm_term=.d14758370ad6
  • Schor, Esther. “Emma Lazarus.” Schocken. 2006.