Bacon’s Rebellion, Part 1

Governor William Berkeley and the insurgents, from “United States; a history: the most complete and most popular history of the United States of America from the aboriginal times to the present day,” circa 1893. Public domain

For a long time Bacon’s Rebellion was primarily interpreted as a precursor to the Revolutionary War, with patriotic colonists rising up against the tyranny of the British colonial government. But there are a lot more moving parts than that. This first part sets the scene and establishes the context of the rebellion.

Tracy's Research:

  • Wolfe, Brendan and Martha McCartney. “Indentured Servants in Colonial Virginia.” Encyclopedia Virginia. 12/8/2011.
  • Berlin, Ira. “Interview with Ira Berlin: Edited Transcript.” From Race – The Power of an Illusion. PBS.
  • McCulley, Susan. “Bacon's Rebellion.” National Park Service. Last updated 2/26/2015.
  • Mintz, S., & McNeil, S.. “Slavery Takes Root in Colonial Virginia.” Digital History.
  • Beverly, Robert. “Robert Beverley On Bacon's Rebellion 1704.” American History from Revolution to Reconstruction and Beyond. University of Groningen.
  • Library of Congress. “Slavery and Indentured Servants.”
  • Berkely, William. “Governor William Berkely on Bacon's Rebellion 19 May 1676.” American History from Revolution to Reconstruction and Beyond. University of Groningen.
  • “Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia in the years 1675 & 1676.” Virginia Museum of History and Culture.
  • Billings, W. M., & the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. Sir William Berkeley (1605–1677). (2014, February 17). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from
  • Tarter, Brent. “Bacon’s Rebellion, the Grievances of the People, and the Political Culture of Seventeenth-Century Virginia.” Virginia Magazine of History & Biography, vol. 119, no. 1, Jan. 2011, p. 1. EBSCOhost,
  • Beverley, Robert. “On Bacon’s Rebellion.” On Bacon’s Rebellion (Beverley), Aug. 2017, p. 1. EBSCOhost,
  • "Bacon's Rebellion." Global Events: Milestone Events Throughout History, edited by Jennifer Stock, vol. 6: North America, Gale, 2014, pp. 35-37. Global Issues in Context, Accessed 27 Mar. 2019.
  • Kinney, Adam F. "The tribe, the empire, and the nation: enforceability of pre-revolutionary treaties with Native American tribes." Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Fall 2007, p. 897+. Business Collection, Accessed 27 Mar. 2019.
  • Schmidt, Ethan A. "Cockacoeske, Weroansqua of the Pamunkeys, and Indian resistance in seventeenth-century Virginia." The American Indian Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 3, 2012, p. 288+. U.S. History in Context, Accessed 27 Mar. 2019.
  • Westbury, Susan. “Theatre and Power in Bacon’s Rebellion: Virginia, 1676–77.” Seventeenth Century . Spring2004, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p69-86. 86p.
  • Rice, James D. “Bacon’s Rebellion in Indian Country.” The Journal of American History. December 2014.
  • Mathews, Thomas. “The Beginning, Progress, and Conclusion of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, In the Years 1675 and 1676.” 7/13/1705. Via Library of Congress.
  • Shefveland, K. Indian Enslavement in Virginia. (2016, April 7). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from

Topics in this Podcast: 17th century, Virginia, racism, Bacon’s Rebellion, colonial America, U.S. history, Native American history, slavery, indentured servitude