1511 --- Original caption: 1511-Avicenna: Avicenna, Galenus, Hippocrates. From an early medical book. Woodcut, 1511. --- Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

You may never have heard of him, but Avicenna was one of the first, and probably the most influential, Islamic philosopher-scientists. He's listed among the great philosophers in Dante's Inferno and is mentioned in the prologue to the Canterbury Tales.

Topics in this Podcast: Iran, philosophy, Ancient History, Middle Eastern history, Asian history, mathematical history, Islamic history, medical history, biographies, 11th Century, 10th century