A Brief History of Doughnuts


“Salvation Army lassies making donuts for soldiers,” 10/25/1918, L’Hermitage, France. Col. Parker, S.C., photographer. Public domain

Making basic pastes or doughs and frying them has been part of human civilization for centuries. From this, the doughnut eventually evolved, and also caused a number of heated debates along the way.

Holly's Research:

  • National Museum of American History. “Krispy Automatic Ring-King Junior Doughnut Machine.” https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/nmah_1215321
  • Taylor, David A. “The History of the Doughnut.” Smithsonian Magazine. March 1998. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-history-of-the-doughnut-150405177/
  • “National Dunking Association Rules for Dunking.” https://www.doughboysreno.com/images/blog-pics/doughboys-donut-dunking-association-2.jpg
  • Kazanjian, Kirk and Amy Joyner. “Making Dough: The 12 Secret Ingredients of Krispy Kreme’s Sweet Success.” Wiley. 2003.
  • Henry, William L. “The Cruller-doughnut Question.” New York Times. Dec. 3, 1913. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1913/12/03/100665698.html?pageNumber=14
  • Fowler, J.L.A. “The Cruller-doughnut Question.” Dec. 6, 1913. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1913/12/06/100289593.pdf
  • K.C. “Cruller and Doughnut Explained.” Dec. 7. 1913. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1913/12/07/100290727.pdf
  • Penn. V.H. “Doughnut Holes and the Cruller.” New York Times. March 5, 1933. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1933/03/05/99297439.pdf
  • “Glory of Doughnut Revived at Party.” New York Times May 14, 1936. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1936/05/14/88659686.pdf
  • Porter, Kenneth Wiggins. “Doughnut Dispute on Again.” New York Times. Dec. 27, 1943. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1943/12/27/85144271.pdf
  • Robbins, L.H. “Doughnut or Cruller?” New York Times. Dec. 12 1943. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1943/12/12/88586659.pdf
  • The Associated Press. “Dunkers Ask U.S. Defining of Doughnut and Cruller.” New York Times. Sept. 23, 1941. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1941/09/23/87672656.pdf
  • “M’Nutt Joins Dunkers, Convinced by Editorial.” New York Times. October 7, 1941. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1941/10/07/87679207.pdf
  • Nevins, Bert. “National Dunkers to Act.” New York Times. Oct. 9, 1941. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1941/10/09/105163555.pdf
  • Abramson, Martin. “The Great American Doughnut.” Boys’ Life. December 1969.
  • “Bert Nevins, 56, Press Agent, Dies.” New York Times. July 20, 1966. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1966/07/20/82489589.pdf
  • Steinberg, Sally L. “How Doughnuts Won America.” New York Times. May 6, 1981. https://www.nytimes.com/1981/05/06/garden/how-doughnuts-won-america.html
  • Hunwick, heather Delancey. "Doughnut: A Global History." Reaktion Books. 2015.

Topics in this Podcast: culinary history, World War II, World War I, food