Show Notes: The 'Lost' 9th Roman Legion

Tracy Wilson

CC BY-SA 2.0 A carved figure of the 9th Legion's standard bearer. Image by Carole Raddato, used under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0)

It's time for another history mystery! We know the 9th Roman legion, also known was the Ninth Spanish Legion or Legio IX Hispana, existed. But we don't really know what happened to it. The archaeological record doesn't quite align with the written historical record, so there's more supposition than evidence for this one.

Listener mail is from Alicia about the Kanto Earthquake. Here are some links:

Episode link: The Lost Roman Legion

Holly's research:

  • Griffiths, Mike. "York's Spanish Connection." BBC.
  • Campbell, Duncan B. "The Fate of the Ninth: The Curious Disappearance of Legio VIIII Hispanica." Ancient Warfare magazine, Vol. IV, Issue 5, pp. 48-53.Accessed via:
  • Lambert, Paddy. "In the Footsteps of the Missing Ninth Legion Hispana : Part One." Heritage Daily. March 3, 2013.
  • Lendering, Jona. "Legio VIIII Hispana."
  • Russell, Miles. "The Roman Ninth Legion's mysterious loss." BBC News Magazine. March 16, 2011.

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