Listener Kate wrote us an incredibly captivating email, which we read at the end of this podcast, in which she asked us to cover today's subjection the show. When Europeans began to settle on Martha's Vineyard, an island off the coast of Massachusetts, some of the new arrivals carried a gene for hereditary deafness. Consequently, Martha's Vineyard gradually developed its own sign language, which everyone spoke, regardless of whether they were deaf or hearing. Today we talk about how this affected life on the island, and how people talk about it today.
Episode link: The Shared Sign Language of Martha's Vineyard
- Romm, Cari. "The Life and Death of Martha's Vineyard Sign Language." http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/09/marthas-vineyard-sign-language-asl/407191/
- Chilmark Free Public Library. "Chilmark Deaf Community Digital Archive." http://catalog.chilmarklibrary.org/pdf/
- "deafness on Martha's Vineyard". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 17 Mar. 2016 http://www.britannica.com/science/deafness-on-Marthas-Vineyard.
- Miller, S. Millington. "The Ascent of Man." The Arena. Vol. XII. http://cr.middlebury.edu/amlit_civ/allen/2012%20backup/scholarship/disability/deaf-idiot-eugenics-treatment-1890s.pdf
- Kusters, Annelies. "Deaf Utopias? Reviewing the Sociocultural Literature on the World's "Martha's Vineyard Situations." Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Vol. 15, No. 1. Winter 2010. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43666250
- Lane, Harlan. "Ethnicity, Ethics, and the Deaf-World." Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Vol. 10, No. 3. Summer 2005. http://www.jstor.org/stable/42658765 .
- Crouch, Barry A. "Martha's Vineyard, 1700-1900: A Deaf Utopia?" Sign Language Studies. Vol. 53. Winter, 1986. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/sls/summary/v1053/1053.crouch.html
- Groce, Nora Ellen. "Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language: Hereditary Deafness on Martha's Vineyard." Harvard University Press. 1985.
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