Show Notes: Krampus (and Friends) Part 2

Tracy Wilson

Caga Tio. © Matthias Oesterle/ZUMA Press/Corbis

Continuing on from Monday's podcast on non-Santa winter holiday figures, today we have a number of mostly terrifying characters meant to scare children into behaving. There's the German/Pennsylvania Dutch Belsnickel, Le Pere Fouettard of France, Iceland's Gryla (and her many sons). Then we move on to Catalonia's two somewhat scatological traditions - Caga Tio and the Caganer.

Episode link: The Krampus and Friends Holiday Special, Part 2

Holly's research:

  • "Cultural Christmas Traditions in Barcelona." Barcelona Tourist Guide.
  • Laslo, Pierre. "Salt: Grain of Life." Columbia University Press. 2001.
  • Lauer-Williams, Kathy. "The History of Belsnickel: Santa's Cranky Cousin." The Morning Call. Nov. 29, 2013.
  • Levy, Glen. "What is a Caganer and why is it part of a Catalan Christmas?" Time. Dec. 24, 2010.
  • National Museum of Iceland. "The Yule Lads."
  • "Père Fouettard and Hans Trapp - Santa's Little Helpers."
  • Proctor, Lucy. "Bogeymen: Five Scary Visitors in the Night." BBC News. Dec. 24, 2012.
  • Rainsford, Sara. "A traditional Nativity scene, Catalan-style." BBC News. Dec. 23, 2010.
  • Rose, Carol. "Giants, Monsters, and Dragons." W.W. Norton. 2001.
  • Toland, Bill. "Meet Belsnickel, the Counter Claus." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Nov. 25, 2012.
  • "Celebrating Christmas With 13 Trolls." Iceland.Is.

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