Like HowStuffWorks on Facebook!

European History

Hitler’s Early Rise and the Night of the Long Knives

Over the course of several days in 1934, Adolf Hitler eliminated all of his political enemies, enabling him to declare himself Fuhrer. See more »

Copernicus

In addition to being an astronomer, Copernicus was also a mathematician, a doctor, and wrote a manuscript on devaluation of currency. See more »

Six Impossible Episodes: Soldiers, Snipers and Spies

This installment of our impossible episodes series features a set of stories that are all about front-line heroism. Most of them are listener requests. See more »

The Cato Street Conspiracy

In response to the problems urbanization and mechanization brought to Great Britain, a radical group plotted to kill the Prime Minister's cabinet. See more »

The King's Evil and the Royal Touch

The practice of the monarch laying on hands to cure sick people lasted from the medieval period all the way to the 18th century in Britain and France. See more »

Maria Montessori

While she's mostly associated with education, Maria Montessori worked in several fields. See more »

Henry Dunant, Founder of the Red Cross

After witnessing the brutality of a battle first-hand, Swiss-born Dunant dedicated his life to easing the suffering brought by war. See more »

Live From FanX: Nazis, the Occult and Indiana Jones

It’s fairly common knowledge that the Nazis were prolific looters and that there was occult interest among the officers of the organization. How weird did things actually get, and how close are the Indiana Jones movies to what really happened? See more »

Denmark's Early Royalty and the Jelling Stones

The beginning of Denmark's monarchy more than a thousand years ago is linked to two large rune stones at Jelling. Is it possible that the stones were part of an effort on Harald Blåtand's part to revise the history of his parents, Gorm and Thyre? See more »

A Brief History of the Pietà

While Michelangelo's sculpture of Mary holding the deceased body of Christ is the most famous depiction of that moment in art, that scene has been the focus of many works. And once, the famous version took a trip across the ocean. See more »