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civil rights movement

Alabama Governor George Wallace

 Alabama Governor George Wallace

Wallace was one of the most prominent voices against the Civil Rights Movement and its objectives. See more »

Bayard Rustin and the Civil Rights Movement (Part 2)

 Bayard Rustin and the Civil Rights Movement (Part 2)

Because of his previous ties to the Communist Party, his race, and his sexual orientation, the McCarthy era was extremely dangerous for Rustin. This was one of many reasons why his activism focused on other countries in the 1950s. See more »

Bayard Rustin, 'Angelic Troublemaker' (Part 1)

 Bayard Rustin, 'Angelic Troublemaker' (Part 1)

Bayard Rustin was an openly gay black man born in 1912. He spent his life working tirelessly for equal rights, peace, democracy, and economic equality, including being one of the primary planners of the 1963 March on Washington. See more »

The Harlem Hellfighters and Henry Johnson

 The Harlem Hellfighters and Henry Johnson

In WWI, a black U.S. Army unit became one of the most decorated of the war. When these soldiers returned home, they were greeted as heroes, but were still targets of segregation, discrimination and oppression. See more »

Macario Garcia

 Macario Garcia

Macario Garcia was a Mexican-born soldier who served in the U.S. military in WWII, earning a Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart. But after his homecoming as a hero, he was involved in an incident which launched a debate about racial discrimination. See more »

The Aftermath of Brown v. Board

 The Aftermath of Brown v. Board

Though the Brown v. Board ruling overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, it didn't suddenly solve the segregation problem and end racism in the United States. See more »

The Road to Brown v. Board

 The Road to Brown v. Board

It would be next to impossible to have ever had a class on American history or the American Civil Rights Movement and not heard about Brown v. Board. But the case is much more complicated than just one child in one segregated school system. See more »

Plessy v. Ferguson

 Plessy v. Ferguson

The ruling in this infamous Supreme Court case stated that segregation was legal as long as the separate facilities were equal. But most people are more familiar with the name of the case than with the actual events that transpired around it. See more »

The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

 The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters became the first African-American labor union to be recognized by the American Federation of Labor. What started as a campaign for more money and better treatment became an important force for social change. See more »

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Pt. 2

 Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Pt. 2

Rosa's arrest for breaking bus segregation laws catalyzed the Montgomery Bus Boycott, one of the keystones in the American Civil Rights Movement. It was widely covered in the national media, which brought more attention to the struggle for equal rights. See more »