Catalina de Erauso, the Lieutenant Nun


Catalina de Erauso, aka Francisco Loyola, Antonio de Erauso, and other names. 
 Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images
Catalina de Erauso, aka Francisco Loyola, Antonio de Erauso, and other names. Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images

Despite growing up in a convent and coming very close to taking religious vows as a nun, Catalina de Erauso wound up living a life of danger and adventure. A lot of today's episode falls into the general category of "exploits."

Here's the Rejected Princess Catalina de Erauso.

Tracy's Research:

  • Aresti, Nerea. "The Gendered Identities of the ‘Lieutenant Nun’: Rethinking the Story of a Female Warrior in Early Modern Spain." Gender & History, Vol.19 No.3 November 2007, pp. 401–418. http://library.pcw.gov.ph/sites/default/files/gendered%20identities%20of%20the%20lieutenant%20nun.pdf
  • Canivell, Maria Odette. "Catalina de Erauso Basque Transvestite: Translating Gender." Human Affairs, issue 2. 2006. Via academia.edu. http://www.academia.edu/10995859/Catalina_de_Erauso_Basque_Transvestite_Translating_Gender
  • de Erauso, Catalina, "The Nun Ensign." Translated by James Fitzmaurice-Kelly. Via Archive.org. 1908. https://archive.org/details/nunensign01montgoog
  • de Erauso, Catalina. "The Autobiography of doña Catalina de Erauso." Original Source: Ferrer, Joaquín María de. Madrid: Tipo Renovación, 1918. Translation and annotations by Dan Harvey Pedrick. http://eada.lib.umd.edu/text-entries/the-autobiography-of-dona-catalina-de-erauso/
  • Hernandez, Isabel. "From Spain to the Americas, from the convent to the front: Catalina de Erauso's shifting identities." Eurozine. First published in L'Homme 1/2011. 9/16/2011. http://www.eurozine.com/from-spain-to-the-americas-from-the-convent-to-the-front-catalina-de-erausos-shifting-identities/
  • Smith, Theresa Ann. "The Woman Question." From "The Emerging Female Citizen: Gender and Enlightenment in Spain." University of California Press. https://content.ucpress.edu/chapters/10493.ch01.pdf
  • Stepto, Michele and Gabriel Stepto. "Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World." Beacon Press. 1996.

Topics in this Podcast: outlaws, 16th century, 17th century, Catholicism, Spanish history, South American history, LGBTQ history